Remembering the Circassian Deportations and Massacres

Remembering the Circassian Deportations and Massacres

For over a century, from 1763 onwards, the peoples of Circassian lands situated in the north-western Caucasus defended their homelands against Russian expansion.

The Circassian people, who by and large adopted Islam in the eighteenth century, were almost entirely affected by the terrible destruction of their communities and the forced displacement from their historic homeland during the last decades of the Tsarist regime. Russian General Yevdokimov was tasked to execute this policy of forced displacement as of 1860 with newly formed mobile columns of riflemen and Cossack cavalry. Read more

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Forced Migration and Mortality in the Ottoman Empire – An Annotated Map

Forced Migration and Mortality in the Ottoman Empire – An Annotated Map

The breakup of the Ottoman Empire set thousands upon thousands of forlorn refugees on the move. Read more

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