Friday, September 13, 2019
Stalin’s 1949 Instructions on Anti-American Propaganda Again Being Followed in Russia, Mirovich Says
Staunton, September 8 – On March 1, 1949, Joseph Stalin outlined how Soviet outlets were to carry out anti-American propaganda, instructions that were followed to the letter throughout the remainder of the Soviet period and that, except for a brief time in the early 1990s, are again being followed in Russia today, Maksim Mirovich says.
This propaganda, the Russian blogger says, arose and continues because the rulers of the Russian Federation like those of the USSR hated and hate the United States not just because of its military power but also because the US presents an alternative model of organization for a large and diverse country (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=5D74A2639E94F).
For Stalinists and Putinists, the United States is an appropriate object of hatred because “the US is a large country like the USSR [and Russia] populated by a large quantity of different peoples and having a federal structure but at the same time is one built on completely different principles.
Unlike the Muscovite state with its “’healthy collectivism,’” the US promotes the individual and his rights. Its federalism is “genuine rather than fictional,” and the state is limited and operates under its own laws for the benefit of the individual and his opportunities rather than for the state and its power.
In fact, as could be seen by anyone, the US had come into existence as a real revolution that gave its people real powers, a revolution that far exceeded the impact of the more limited one in 1917 that Moscow celebrated openly in the past and less openly but no less in real terms now.
And there was and is yet another reason for Muscovite hatred of the US: the Americans believed in their own system and supported the aspirations of others to live according to its principles, a faith that led them to oppose dictatorships of all kinds including the one ruling so much of the earth from Moscow.
According to Stalin’s orders of 1949, “Soviet ‘patriotism’ was in its essence the quintessence of hatred and was unthinkable without an object against which this hatred could be directed,” the United States and its alternative system. Such patriotism had to be promoted in two ways.
On the one hand, those promoting it had to avoid making any genuine comparisons between the two societies because in every case, the Soviet/Russian one would suffer as a result. And on the other, those in power in Moscow had to come up either with historical examples or entirely new categories in which the USSR or Russia could look better.
These were often categories drawn from the distant past such as lynching or the production of steel which was becoming with each passing year less a measure of national strength and power than the Muscovite propagandists thought or talk about national values where no direct comparisons were likely to be made.
According to Mironov, only the truly stupid believed in Soviet propaganda – and only these same people continue to believe the Putin-era version of it. Those who didn’t believe in the past are now pursuing businesses and seeking to send their money and their children abroad; those who still do are supporting Putin’s “Russian world.”
One reason that the Stalin propaganda system is becoming ever less effective, however, is that ever more people have been abroad and know what the real comparisons are. And yet another is that the regime hasn’t been able to hide the fact that for four times in the last 120 years, it was the US which saved Russia from famine, something that makes it hard to hate.
Indeed, Mirovch says, “not a single country helped Russia and the USSR so much as has America or has earned from this only the black ingratitude of the Soviet thinking people,” past and present. But Moscow’s effort to promote such hatred as massive as it is rests on a weak foundation as history shows and as its authors even now know.