KEY MESSAGES ON RUSSIA’S WAR AGAINST UKRAINE
As Of 9 May
(75th Day Of War)
- WAR SITUATION 1
- HUMANITARIAN SITUATION 4
- RUSSIA’S RESPONSIBILITY 6
- DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS 9
- ACTIONS BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY 11
- ECONOMIC RECOVERY 13
Russia’s original invasion plan directed in particular at simultaneous seizure of Kyiv, Kharkiv and Odesa, with the aim to change power in Ukraine, has failed. The Russian side has regrouped the major part of its troops to eastern Ukraine with the aim to occupy the entire territory of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, to secure the land corridor to Crimea across the city of Mariupol and grab as much Ukraine’s territory as possible (despite earlier statements that it had no territorial ambitions in Ukraine). Ukraine’s coast of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov is blocked. In the meantime, Russia continues launching missile and bomb strikes on military and civilian infrastructure throughout Ukraine. There are no signs that Russia is ready to end the war:
- Following military defeats on the ground, Russia has withdrawn its forces from the Kyiv, Chernihiv and Sumy regions. It was not a “good-will gesture”, as stated by Kremlin; it was the result of Ukrainian military actions. In other areas, the Russian troops are being regrouped and replenished in order to renew the advance into Ukraine’s territory;
- On 22 April, the Russian military declared that now its goal is “to establish a full control of Donbas and Southern Ukraine”. Severe shelling and fighting continue in the Donetsk, Kharkiv (Izium area), Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions. Even after heavy losses, Russia still has significant advantage in heavy weapons;
- The city of Kherson and several towns remain temporarily occupied, in addition to those territories which had been occupied since 2014;
- 134,500 new conscripts are expected to join Russia’s army as a result of annual spring conscription, which started on 1 April. Russian authorities set a plan (200 people to the Armed Forces each week) of the forced conscription for each federal district, except protest-dangerous Moscow.
- Russia’s air advantage has significantly decreased since the start of the war due to skillful defense by Ukraine. Currently, the Russian military have focused on the use of missiles (2014 as of 6 May), fired daily to the targets throughout Ukraine, mostly civilian infrastructure and residential areas;
- Russian warships in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov block Ukraine’s coast and provide fire support to the Russian land forces. A group of at least six ships and two submarines is deployed to the Black Sea, equipped with up to 50 cruise missiles ready for strikes. The floating Russian mines seized by Russia in Crimea in 2014 and released in 2022, pose the gravest security threat to all vessels. These mines were also observed in the Danube delta, causing the ban on fishing and shipping;
- Russian troops and illegal armed formations stationed in the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova were put in full operational readiness after a series of staged attacks on infrastructure. Russia stands behind these efforts to destabilize the situation and open a new front against Ukraine, but the Armed Forces of Ukraine are ready for possible escalation;
- The Russian troops actively mine vast areas of Ukraine, including while retreating and with the use of anti-personnel mines. Demining of the liberated territories has already begun (as of 3 May, 90,432 explosive devices, 1,964 aircraft bombs, and 583.4 kg of explosives were neutralized), but will take months to complete;
- Russia organizes cyber-attacks through the specialized hacker groups affiliated with the Federal Security Service and the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, and fake news campaigns aimed to sow panic in Ukraine and cut off Ukrainian citizens from the official information sources.
- According to Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister, as of 16 April the Russian occupiers were holding about 700 Ukrainian soldiers and 1,000 civilians captive (half of them women). Nine mutual exchanges of captives took place between Ukraine and Russia, the most recent one on 6 May (28 Ukrainian military and 13 Ukrainian civilians).
The territory of Belarus has been actively used by Russia for its military purposes, especially in the first month of war:
- Missiles are launched from the territory of Belarus, airfield and rail networks are used for transportation of Russian personnel, cargo, ammunition, and fuel;
- Direct engagement of Belarus armed forces remains probable. On 11 March, the Russian aircrafts entered Ukraine’s air space and shelled three villages in Belarus located on the border with Ukraine. This was a false flag operation, aimed at providing pretext for Belarus direct engagement into Russia’s war;
- On 4 May, the Belarusian Ministry of Defense announced a “sudden test” of the reaction forces of its Armed Forces, entailing significant movement of military vehicles and equipment;
- Lukashenka’s regime shares responsibility with Kremlin for its war against Ukraine. At the same time, only 3% of Belarus residents support joining this war.
Despite significant military advantage, Russia failed to reach its key goals:
- Ukraine did not surrender in three days, as Kremlin was expecting. Kyiv as a political and military command centre remains intact, the Russian troops were withdrawn from it;
- No big cities with the only exception of Kherson were taken. Ukraine managed to establish defense and counter-attack (most recently, near Kharkiv and Izium). As of 26 April, 931 settlements have been liberated.
- No one greets Russia in Ukraine. Atrocities committed by the Russian troops have only reduced to zero any pro-Russian sentiments. In the towns temporarily under control of Russian troops, the Ukrainian population is actively protesting against them despite intimidations and hunt by the Russian occupiers for activists, journalists and local authorities;
- In the city of Kherson, Russian occupiers failed to establish another fake “people’s republic”: both local residents and local authorities rejected this stage show, despite the seizure of Kherson City Council on 25 April and appointment of occupation administration on 26 April;
- The Russian occupation authorities in Donetsk and Luhansk canceled even the so-called “victory parades” on 9 May as there are no troops and hardware available to attend them;
- Aggressive war against Ukraine has only confirmed that Russia is the most serious threat to European security. Finland and Sweden started considering joining NATO in the nearest future, which would run totally contrary to putin’s goals related to the NATO on Russia’s borders when he took the decision to attack Ukraine.
Kremlin attempts to conceal truth about war and real losses of the Russian troops in Ukraine:
- Russia is regularly trying to shift responsibility for its war crimes to Ukraine, delivering fake stories and false allegations;
- Afraid of mass anti-war protests, the Russian authorities block social networks, intimidate media, introduce censorship, high fines and imprisonment up to 15 years for delivering true information about the war started against Ukraine;
- Russian troops use mobile crematoriums and mass graves for those killed in actions;
- The Russian authorities regularly do not inform soldiers’ families on their fate (for instance, declaring them “missing in action” or “killed on the border of Russia and Ukraine”) and pay compensations for casualties through military, but not civilian authorities, to avoid disclosure. Personal data of relatives of the Russian soldiers killed in Ukraine have been classified;
- Eight Russian high-ranking officers were known to have been killed in Ukraine (as of 17 April), while Russia acknowledged the death of only one of them;
- Russia has blocked extension of the mandate of the OSCE SMM, which could shed additional light on Russia’s war and crimes against Ukraine;
- On 8 April, the Russian authorities banned 15 NGOs in Russia, including “Human Rights Watch” and “Amnesty International”;
- 21 Ukrainian journalists were killed, 15 went missing, 9 wounded and 8 captured (as of 27 April) since the beginning of the full-scale war by Russia. More than a hundred regional media outlets in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine were forced to shut down;
- Internet is regularly blocked in the regions of Belarus used for transportation of Russian troops and weapons.
Having failed to make Ukraine surrender after a “Blitzkrieg”, Russia started searching for fake pretexts to “justify” its war of aggression:
- Ukraine had no intentions to attack its own territories temporarily occupied by Russia before 24 February 2022. This is not a “preventive” offensive, as stated by Kremlin;
- Despite Russia’s false allegations, Ukraine has neither intention, nor steps taken aimed at creation of nuclear weapon. This was confirmed by IAEA Director General on 4 March;
- Various Russian officials falsely accuse Ukraine of non-existent biological or chemical weapons. This was dismantled by the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs as well as UN Member States at the UN SC briefings on 11 and 18 March;
- Russia’s claims that Ukraine needs to be “demilitarized” sound even more absurd, looking at the numbers of troops, heavy weapons and aircrafts sent by it to invade Ukraine.
Ukraine has activated its right for self-defense according to the UN Charter Article 51. We continue to fight and we will win. Russia’s threats on “a real danger of WWIII” mean that Moscow senses defeat in Ukraine, as stressed by Minister Kuleba:
- Ukraine’s Armed Forces fight Russia’s Armed Forces, inflicting devastating blows to them. More than 110,000 Ukrainian citizens joined the territorial defence units. Nearly 40,000 volunteers from dozens of countries arrived to join Ukraine’s International Legion (as a formal part of Ukraine’s Armed Forces);
- As a part of self-defense, Ukraine has the right to attack Russia’s warehouses and bases;
- Following the failure of initial invasion plan, Russia pursues “hidden” mobilization, searches for mercenaries and private military companies. Some troops are being relocated from Syria;
- The Russian troops are suffering heavy losses. As of 9 May, they constitute about 25,650personnel, 199 aircrafts, 158 helicopters, 377 UAVs, 1145 tanks, 2764 armored vehicles, 513 artillery systems, 185 MLRS, 87 anti-aircraft systems, 12 vessels/boats. Ukraine’s military losses ranged 2,500 – 3,000 (as of 15 April), according to President Zelenskyy;
- Nearly 700 Russian militaries are currently captive in Ukraine. The moral and psychological state of the Russian troops remains low. More and more Russian soldiers refuse to go to war. Russia’s Ministry of Defense updated the contracts for military personnel, adding a provision establishing criminal liability for refusing to participate in the so-called “special operation” in the territory of Ukraine (before that, it was envisaged for refusing to participate in a war);
- Attacking Ukraine, Russia is exhausting its stocks of missiles. Its military-industrial complex has to work 24/7 to replenish them. The sanctions imposed on Russia severely undermine its capacities in this regard;
- Over 20 Russian military enterprises were forced to suspend their activities in whole or in part due to shortage of parts and components, as well as rising prices due to sanctions, including the research and production enterprise “Vimpel” (production of aircraft missiles) and the only Russian tank company “Uralvagonzavod”;
- 93% of Ukrainian citizens (as of 25 April) are convinced that we will win this defensive war against Russia. 91% of Ukrainian citizens reject Russia’s narrative that “Russians and Ukrainians are one people”. Mayors of Ukrainian towns reject Russia’s proposals to surrender despite intimidations and atrocities committed by the Russian occupiers;
- On 19 March, the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine took the decision to suspend during the martial law any activity of several political parties, linked to Russia. On 3 May, the Ukrainian Parliament has banned the activity of pro-Russian parties;
- On 9 April, Ukraine imposed a full trade embargo against the Russian Federation. This will decrease Russia’s revenue for 6 bln USD per year.
Russia’s irresponsible actions pose the gravest nuclear and chemical contamination threats for Ukraine, Europe and the world:
- On 4 March, the entire Europe was put on the brink of nuclear disaster, when the Russian troops began shelling the largest in Europe Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant. It remains seized by Russian military (up to 500 military personnel and 50 military vehicles are stationed now). The Power Plant staff is forced to align all technical decisions regarding the station with the Russian military commander and “Rosatom” On 26 April, three Russian cruise missiles flew over Ukrainian Power Plants: clear acts of nuclear terrorism by Russia;
- From 24 February to 31 March, the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant was under control of the Russian troops. A lot of laboratory equipment and archives were destroyed or stolen. The Russian military have twice damaged the power line, which could lead to the leak of radiation (both times, the Ukrainian repair teams restored it). During the occupation of the exclusion zone, fires were recorded in natural complexes and abandoned villages affecting the area of about 10,287 ha. On 19 April, Ukraine has restored direct communications between the national regulator and the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant. On 26 April, the IAEA expert mission headed by Director General visited the Plant to deliver vital equipment and conduct radiological and other assessments at the site;
- On 10, 26 and 28 March, Russian troops fired facilities of Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology, which contain nuclear material and an experimental reactor;
- On 20 March, the site of PJSC “SumyHimProm” was shelled, which caused ammonia leakage from a 50-ton tank. On 5 and 9 April, a cistern with nitric acid was damaged by Russian shelling in the town of Rubiznhe, causing its leakage and danger to local residents;
- Following military failures in Ukraine, Russia has resumed its regular threats of nuclear war against both Ukraine and our Western partners providing arms and support.
By defending itself, Ukraine defends the entire Europe. Russia’s aggressive actions and intentions pose the most severe security threats. Putin’s regime must be isolated and weakened, and Russia’s military machine needs to be dismantled by the joint efforts. Russia should lose any capacity to resume its aggression in the future. Ukraine must receive all necessary support to that purpose. We need to win the arms and logistic race with Russia:
- We need air defense and UAVs, artillery systems, MLRS and tanks, armored vehicles, combat aircraft, anti-ship missiles and ammunition. The arms should include not only Soviet legacy arms, but also the modern ones based on the NATO standards. Ukraine needs them to be able not only to defend, but to liberate the Russia-occupied territories as well;
- 2/3 of EU citizens (according to the Flash Eurobarometer survey held in April) support supply of arms to Ukraine;
- As a result of Ramstein meeting of defense ministers of 40 countries on 26 April, the quantity, quality and speed of military assistance provided to Ukraine will be significantly increased, marking the fundamental change in partners’ approach to the war;
- Ukraine will be de facto rearmed according to the NATO standards. This process has already begun: Ukrainian servicemen started training in the use of NATO weapons;
- On 28 April, the US House of Representatives passed a “Law on Lend-Lease to protect Democracy in Ukraine”, which provides for expanded powers for the US President to conclude agreements with the Government of Ukraine on the lease of defense equipment;
- Russia’s irresponsible attacks and threats against nuclear facilities in Ukraine demonstrate the need to ensure proper global control of Russia’s nuclear objects and technologies.
Faced with military defeats, losses of personnel and vigorous resistance, the Russian troops began indiscriminate attacks on Ukrainian cities with missile strikes and heavy artillery. Being aware that it will not be able to win this war, Russia destroys Ukraine’s economy:
- The Russian troops attack the residential areas along the front line and throughout Ukraine with the use of missiles, air strikes and heavy artillery. Documents seized by Ukrainian troops from Russian prisoners of war, as well as intercepted communications, confirm that these attacks have deliberate character. Daily, dozens of innocent civilians are killed and wounded. On 7 May, Russian air strike hit a school in Bilohorivka of the Luhansk region: only 30 civilians out of 90 were rescued. Nearly 220,000 people lost their homes;
- Many towns occupied or attacked by the Russian troops were nearly destroyed. The restoration of residential buildings and infrastructure will become possible only after the war;
- According to President Zelenskyy, dozens of thousands of civilians lost their lives in Ukrainian cities and towns attacked by the Russian troops, and >500,000 Ukrainian citizens were forcibly transferred by them. The forcible deportation to Russia continues. On 7 May, Russia’s Ministry of Defense declared that 1,063,000 people have been transferred to the different regions of Russia, including 200,000 children. The living conditions of the children and their state of health remain unknown;
- According to the estimates by the Government of Ukraine, at least 195 factories and enterprises, 400 medical institutions, 543 kindergartens, 295 bridges and bridge crossings, 151 warehousing infrastructure facilities were damaged, destroyed or seized. At least 97 religious and 144 cultural sites were damaged or destroyed. At least 23.8 thousand kilometers of roads and 33.7 million square meters of housing stock were destroyed or seized. 126 educational institutions were entirely destroyed and 1509 more were damaged (as of 9May). The railway stations and airports, power plants, fuel stations and oil refineries, food warehouses and water reservoirs continue to be targeted;
- Extensive environmental damage is also present, as water supply and sewage systems and communications are targeted, and port infrastructure along the coasts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov is attacked. As of now, 1.2 million hectares (~30% of all protected areas of Ukraine) suffer from the effects of war;
- According to the UNICEF, the war in Ukraine has devastated both water and electricity networks, leaving 4 mln people without access to safe water in the east of the country and a further 4.6 mln people with only limited access;
- While retreating, Russian troops plant mines in the previously seized Ukrainian territories, leaving them even in the children toys. According to the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, about 300,000 square kilometers of Ukraine’s territory need humanitarian demining due to a large amount of ammunition left by the Russian occupiers.
Humanitarian situation is rapidly deteriorating. The Russian troops commit war crimes which need to be investigated and those responsible brought to justice. We expect international community to condemn these war crimes and contribute to bringing Russia to justice:
- The worst situation remains in the city of Mariupol, destroyed for 95%. More than 20,000 civilians lost their lives due to Russian attacks and blockade, and more than 40,000 were forcibly deported to Russia, their fate remains unknown (according to the estimates by Mayor of Mariupol). The Russian occupiers used mobile crematoria and mass graves to destroy evidence of their crimes. On 11 April, the Russian troops used unknown poisonous substance against Ukrainian military and civilians. On 8 May, President Zelenskyy stated that unblocking of Mariupol by military means is currently impossible due to the lack of heavy weapons;
- In the towns of Kyiv region (Bucha, Borodianka, Hostomel and others), the Russian occupiers killed 1,235 people, up to 75% of them by small arms, that is deliberately, on purpose;
- The massacre committed by the Russian military demonstrates real hatred towards Ukrainians and represents war crimes. Ukraine’s investigative task forces work on recording them and identifying all those involved. Extensive evidence of war crimes and potential crimes against humanity were in particular established by the Human Rights Watch researchers;
- The UN OHCHR recorded 6,802 confirmed civilian casualties in Ukraine: 3,309 killed and 3,493 injured (as of midnight 5 May). The OHCHR believes that the real figures are considerably higher. According to the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine, 3,818 were killed and >4,000 wounded (as of 25 April), these data do not include Mariupol and some locations in the Kyiv region;
- According to the UN International Organization for Migration, 7 mln people were internally displaced in Ukraine. The UNHCR informs that 5.9 mln Ukrainian citizens left the country (as of 8 May). Thus, 13.6 mln people fled their homes in Ukraine. This process continues until now in the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, heavily attacked by the Russian troops. At the same time, the number of people coming back to Ukraine continues to rise: according to the State Border Guard Service, 1,537,500 of them have already returned (as of 8 May);
- Faced with logistical challenges, Russian troops began pillaging local residents and robbing humanitarian convoys. The Russian army in Ukraine has been ordered to “switch to self-sufficiency”: Kremlin-sanctioned looting, which has been decriminalized and actually legalized in Russia. The huge scale of looting by Russian soldiers and officers was revealed in the liberated towns of the Kyiv region. In the occupied territories, the Russian troops seize huge amounts of grain (almost 400,000 tons as of 4 May, nearly 1/3 of all reserves) and transport it to Crimea and the territory of Russia;
- The main efforts are now focused on establishment of humanitarian corridors, which are regularly violated by the Russian troops. As fighting in east and south of Ukraine intensifies, there remains less and less space for organizing them. As a result of the Mariupol humanitarian operation, all civilians have been evacuated from “Azovstal”. According to President Zelenskyy, as of now more than 350,000 people were rescued from the areas of hostilities.
The most vulnerable categories of civilian population suffer most:
- According to UNICEF, the war in Ukraine has led to the displacement of 4.3 mln children – more than half of the country’s estimated 7.5 mln child population, including 1.8 mln children who have crossed into neighbouring countries as refugees and 2.5 mln IDPs. As of 2 May, the Russian occupiers have illegally transferred 181,000 Ukrainian children to the territory of Russia or to the occupied areas of Ukraine. Of these, 2,000 children are orphans or deprived of parental care;
- Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine is investigating crimes committed by Russia during the full-scale invasion including the killing 226 children and injuring over 415 (as of 9 May). The data on children killed and injured in Mariupol is being established;
- The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities estimates that Russia’s military attacks against Ukraine are putting the lives of 7 mln people with disabilities at risk.
We need further humanitarian assistance:
- According to the UNHCR, 7 mln Ukrainian citizens (as of 26 April) are estimated to be in urgent need of humanitarian assistance across the country:
- A number of steps have been taken to simplify the procedure of delivery of humanitarian assistance through the state border of Ukraine for the period of duration of martial law;
- According to the Office of the President of Ukraine, as of 3 May Ukraine received 304,000 tons of humanitarian aid;
- The Ministry of Infrastructure and Ukrzaliznytsia (Ukrainian Railways) are currently operating as logistics headquarters. We are grateful to our partners and expect a more active involvement of international organizations in humanitarian aid, including establishment of humanitarian corridors blocked by the Russian troops, ensuring delivery of humanitarian relief to the medical facilities, and provision of critical food supply to the civilian population;
- The updated UN Flash Appeal for Ukraine from 1 March to 31 August requested 25 bln USD (the initial one, until 31 May, was for 1.14 bln USD) to help the most vulnerable in Ukraine. As of 9 May, donors raised 1.05 bln USD or 47% of the funds requested. In addition, UNHCR appealed for 550 mln USD to support Ukrainian refugees fleeing neighboring countries;
- We expect the ICRC to request from Russia the lists of Ukrainian citizens forcibly transferred to Russia’s territory, in particular from Mariupol.
Russian military aggression threatens thousands of foreigners in Ukraine:
- We regret that while they had been warmly welcomed in our country, nowadays Russian invasion put their lives at high risk;
- Despite Russia’s propaganda, there is no discrimination based on the race or nationality, including when it comes to the crossing of the state border by foreign citizens;
- Foreign journalists Brent Renaud and Pierre Zakrzewski were killed by Russian troops. Several more were wounded;
- On 29 April, two members of the British humanitarian organization were captured by the Russian military in the Zaporizhzhia region;
- We call on all foreign governments to demand from President Putin that he immediately stops his war in Ukraine.
During their invasion into Ukraine, the Russian troops systematically violate the norms of international humanitarian law and international human rights law. According to President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the number of war crimes committed by the Russian soldiers has already reached tens of thousands. Russia must be recognized as a state – sponsor of terrorism, and the Russian Armed Forces must be recognized as a terrorist organization. As stressed by President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy, all responsible will be found and taken to account:
- Russia uses civilians as hostages and human shield, with no food, water, electricity and communication. The taking of civilian hostages is a direct violation of Articles 3 and 34 of the Geneva Convention with regard to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights;
- Human Rights Watch has documented several cases of Russian military forces committing laws-of-war violations against civilians in occupied areas of Ukraine, including repeated rapes, summary execution, looting and violent acts;
- There is evidence of Ukrainian women and children being raped by the Russian soldiers. Rape is strictly prohibited by the Geneva Convention with regard to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War;
- More than 50 Ukraine’s public officials have been kidnapped since the start of Russia’s war;
- In violation of the Hague conventions on the Laws and Customs of War on Land, Russia continues to mobilize thousands of residents of the temporarily occupied parts of Donetsk, Luhansk and other regions. The mobilization age on those territories was increased to 65 years, and no medical grounds are taken into consideration during the conscription. They are sent to the forward positions of the Russian troops as cannon fodder. The particular cynicism is the conscription of the citizens of Ukraine, who are passing through the humanitarian corridors and forcing them to combat against Ukraine;
- In violation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Russia is engaged in state-organised kidnapping of Ukrainian children with further illegal adoption by Russian citizens without observing all the necessary procedures determined by the legislation of Ukraine;
- It became known about 700 cases of forced blood donation by students of higher educational institutions in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions under the pressure of the Russian occupation administration. Russia’s actions violate Article 11 of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), of 8 June 1977;
- On 11 March, the UN OHCHR confirmed the use of cluster munitions by Russian troops in populated areas, incompatible with the international humanitarian law principles;
- The white phosphorus bomb attacks by Russia become regular practice in Donetsk and Luhansk regions;
- Ukrainian military released in the exchange of prisoners of war testify that during their captivity the Russian side was regularly violating the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. The Security Service of Ukraine reports that Russian troops near Popasna in the Luhansk region were ordered to shoot captured Ukrainian defenders;
- The Report of the OSCE Moscow Mechanism Mission of Experts, published on 13 April, provided strong evidence on numerous violations of international humanitarian law committed by the Russian federation and its armed forces in Ukraine;
- Russia must be recognized as a country – sponsor of terrorism. On 3 May, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine appealed to the US Congress to make such recognition.
Russia flagrantly violates international law, in particular:
- Russian military vessels are blocking access and deliberately attacking civil ships along Ukraine’s shore in the Black Sea in violation of the international law of the sea. ~70 ships are stuck in major seaports of Ukraine due to Russia’s illegal actions, including 6 in Mariupol;
- In violation of the International Convention of the Safety of Life at Sea, the humanitarian aid mission (the rescue ship ‘Sapphire’) was captured by Russian warships in the Serpent (Zmiinyi) Island area and moved to the occupied port of Sevastopol (released later). Two other Ukrainian civil ships were de facto pirated by Russian warships;
- Russia attacks residential areas, air bomb shelters for civilians, medical infrastructure, and transport means used for medical, humanitarian and evacuation purposes;
- The Russian troops use residential areas and civilian infrastructure for deployment of heavy weapons, putting them under severe risk;
- The Ministry of Culture and Information Policy of Ukraine has recorded 300 episodes of Russian war crimes against Ukraine’s cultural heritage at 94 cultural heritage sites and 92 religious buildings. The evidence collected by the Ministry on its web portal will prove in the International Criminal Court Russia’s real goal, which is extermination of Ukrainian nation, culture, history and identity. The Mariupol museums were robbed by the Russian occupiers;
- According to Article 8 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, war crimes include intentional assault when it is known that it will cause accidental widespread, long-term and serious damage to the environment incomparable to expected military superiority. This is exactly what Russian troops are doing in Ukraine;
- In the recently occupied territories of Ukraine in the Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions, Russia imposes its laws, passports, currency and education in violation of its obligations as an occupying Power. Russian channels started broadcasting Russian segment. The internet traffic in Kherson region was switched to the Russian segment. Hundreds of civilians are persecuted, detained, and tortured. This in line what Russia has been doing in the occupied parts of Donbas and Crimea since 2014;
- Russian occupiers carry out massive “filtration measures” in the occupied territories of Ukraine, seizing former Ukrainian servicemen as a “replenishment of the exchange fund”.
According to the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (as of 9 May):
- 10464 aggression and war crimes have been already registered (of which 10150 for violating the laws and customs of war);
- 622 suspects among Russia’s military and political leadership were determined;
- 4977 crimes against national security are being investigated, of which 3248 on encroachment on the territorial integrity and inviolability of Ukraine, 808 – state treason, 61 – sabotage.
Responsibility for Russia’s war against Ukraine lies with the entire Russian society, not only president Putin and his proxies. All of them must bear the consequences:
- The decision to start a war of aggression was taken by Putin. At the same time, 74% of Russian citizens (as of end of April) support this war and mass killings of Ukrainians. This is shared responsibility;
- The Kremlin’s propagandists actively promote narratives aimed at cultivating Russians’ hatred towards all Ukrainians;
- Russian soldiers murder Ukrainian citizens, Russian journalists make propaganda, Russian officials and enterprises work to support Putin’s decisions. This is not a one man show;
- European politicians and corporations drawing separating lines between Putin and “ordinary Russians” simply try to justify doing business as usual and making bloody money by trading with Russia even in the time of war, financed by such a business;
- According to a case study conducted in March by Active Group and published on 16 March, 6% of Russians support the idea of Russian aggression against EU countries.
We welcome all steps made by the international institutions to bring Russia to justice, as well as statements made by the heads of state and government throughout the world, on Russia’s responsibility for war crimes:
- On 26 February, Ukraine submitted its application against Russia to the International Court of Justice, requesting the Court to issue an order that Russia must cease its unlawful attack on Ukraine. Although Russia has notified the ICJ that it does not intend to participate in the process, this did not prevent the hearing. On 16 March, the ICJ ordered Russia to immediately stop the invasion, the order being binding under international law. Russia must comply immediately, as ignoring the ICJ will isolate Russia even further;
- On 1 March, the ECHR decided to indicate to the Government of Russia to refrain from military attacks against civilians and civilian objects;
- International Criminal Court Prosecutor opened an investigation into the situation in Ukraine. The ICC investigators visited Ukraine, including the town of Bucha, to collect evidence. 42 states have filed their appeals to the ICC in relation to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine;
- According to the Office of Prosecutor General of Ukraine, six countries opened criminal cases in relation to Russian war crimes (Estonia, Lithuania, Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden);
- On 30 March, the President of the UN Human Rights Council announced the appointment of three independent members of the Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine, mandated to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the context of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, established by the UNHRC Resolution “Situation of human rights in Ukraine stemming from the Russian aggression” of 4 March 2022;
- On 11 April, French gendarmes arrived to Ukraine with the aim to assist Ukrainian law enforcement agencies in investigating the war crimes committed by the Russian troops. The UK and the Netherlands have also announced sending investigation teams;
- Colombian President Ivan Duque and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau joined the US President Joe Biden, calling Russia’s actions in Ukraine a genocide of the Ukrainian people. The parliaments of Estonia, Latvia and Canada adopted the respective resolutions.
- On 27 April, PACE approved a resolution and recommendation, in which, in particular, expressed its full support for all efforts to investigate Russia’s international crimes in Ukraine, and called for the establishment of an international tribunal;
- On 6 May, the first international conference on the establishment of the Special Tribunal on the crime of aggression against Ukraine took place in Vilnius;
- G7 leaders in their statement of 8 May stressed that they will “spare no effort to hold President Putin and the architects and accomplices of this aggression, including the Lukashenko regime in Belarus, accountable for their actions in accordance with international law”;
- All cases of violation of the provisions of international and international humanitarian law must be registered by the respective international bodies.
The world supports Ukraine. We welcome that the foreign diplomatic missions return to Kyiv. By continuing its war against Ukraine and committing war crimes, Russia becomes increasingly isolated. The world is increasingly affected by the war:
- On 25 February, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe suspended Russia`s rights of representation in CMCE and PACE. On 16 March, Russia was excluded from the Council of Europe and all its structures, after 26 years of membership;
- On 27 February, by a recorded vote of 11 in favour to 1 against (Russia), with 3 abstentions (China, India, UAE), the UN SC adopted a resolution calling on the UN GA Emergency Special session on Ukraine, effectively taking over the functions of the UN SC. On 2 March, the UN GA with overwhelming majority of votes (141 YES and only 5 NO, with 35 abstained) adopted the Resolution on Russian invasion to Ukraine;
- On 3 March, the Council of the Baltic Sea States suspended Russia from further participation and Belarus from observer status;
- On 3 March, 45 OSCE participating States have invoked the Moscow mechanism for Russia’s war against Ukraine. The Report on war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by Russia and its armed forces was published on 13 April;
- On 4 March, the UN HR Council adopted the Resolution “Situation of human rights in Ukraine stemming from the Russian aggression” (32 YES, 2 NO and 13 Abstained)”;
- On 8 March, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) has condemned Russia’s military invasion into Ukraine and suspended Russia’s Observer status;
- On 8 March, the OECD decided to suspend the participation of Russia and Belarus;
- Russia and Belarus were banned from 90-95% world sport organizations (according to the estimates by the Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine);
- On 10–11 March, the IMO Extraordinary Council Session deplored Russia’s attacks on commercial vessels and their seizures, demanding that Russia cease its unlawful activities;
- On 17 March, the Danube Commission at its extraordinary meeting adopted the decision to suspend Russia’s representation. Russian citizens will be fired from its Secretariat;
- On 17 March, the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunication Administrations has indefinitely suspended Russia and Belarus from membership;
- On 24 March, the UN GA with overwhelming majority of votes (140 YES and only 5 NO, with 38 abstained) adopted the resolution “Humanitarian Consequences of the Aggression against Ukraine”;
- On 24 March, the European Council in its conclusions on the Russian military aggression against Ukraine has demanded Russia to stop its military aggression in the territory of Ukraine, withdraw all forces, fully respect Ukraine’s territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence within its internationally recognized borders, and to guarantee safe passage for civilians with full respect to its obligations under the international law;
- On 27 March, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) officially announced the closure of its offices in Moscow and Minsk. On 4 April, the EBRD has formally suspended accessby Russia and Belarus to its resources;
- The International Labour Organization (ILO) has suspended all technical cooperation with Russia until the ceasefire is implemented and peaceful resolution is adopted;
- 474 Russian diplomats were expelled throughout the world since 24 February;
- On 31 March, the World Organization of Nuclear Operators (WANO) changed the operator for Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plants from Moscow to Paris WANO Centre;
- The UN SC rejected Russia’s demand to convene its meeting on 4 April for Russia to deliver its fakes on the war crimes committed by the Russian troops in the Kyiv region. Instead, the UK Presidency convened the meeting on 5 April: President Zelenskyy delivered a statement on Russia’s atrocities;
- On 7 April, the G7 Foreign Ministers, in their joint statement, condemned in the strongest terms the atrocities committed by the Russian armed forces in Bucha and a number of other Ukrainian towns, and stressed the necessity of further increasing the economic pressure inflicted on Russia and the Lukashenka regime in Belarus;
- On 7 April, the European Parliament, in a resolution adopted with 513 votes to 22 and 19 abstentions, called for additional punitive measures against Russia;
- On 7 April, the UN General Assembly resumed its 11th emergency special session, adopting the Resolution on suspension of the rights of membership of the Russian Federation in the Human Rights Council (93 countries voted in favor, 24 against and 58 abstained);
- UNESCO World Heritage Committee 45th session in Russia’s Kazan was postponed;
- The 25th World Energy Congress, which was planned for 24-27 October 2022 in Saint Petersburg, has been cancelled;
- Appointment of Russia’s candidates was blocked in a number of the UN bodies;
- On 21 April, Russia was suspended from its permanent observer status at the Organization of American States;
- Within G20, there is growing discontent with Russia’s participation in its work. On 27 April, President of Indonesia invited President Zelenskyy to the G20 Summit in November 2022.
- On 27 April, the UN World Tourism Organization has voted to suspend Russia’s membership over its invasion of Ukraine;
- The Russian delegation was not allowed to participate in the UNESCO annual World Press Freedom Day Global Conference held on 3 May.
Russia’s diplomatic and political isolation must continue:
- We call our partners to follow our example (Ukraine has terminated diplomatic relations with Russia) and to expel Russia’s ambassadors immediately;
- The international organizations must consider banning Russia’s membership for blatant violations of international law (as, for instance, the Council of Europe did) and dismissing Russian citizens from their Secretariats to eliminate Russia’s influence. Those organizations which do not have procedures for excluding members, need to introduce them;
- We urge the contracting parties to major environmental treaties to suspend operation of such treaties in regard to the aggressor country and to terminate Russia’s membership in the governing and advisory bodies. Relevant appeals were sent to 13 UN conventions;
- Countries, which support Russia’s actions in one way or another, should bear the consequences (Ukraine has recalled Ambassadors in Kyrgyzstan and Georgia for consultations following the unfriendly steps done by these countries).
Ending the war launched by Russia, restoration of territorial integrity and economic recovery of Ukraine remain our key priorities. Six rounds of Ukrainian-Russian negotiations were held. Ukraine’s proposals on the new system of security guarantees for Ukraine are the following:
- an international treaty signed and ratified by all guarantee states (US, UK, France, China, and Russia as UN SC, as well as Turkey, Germany, Canada, Italy, Poland and Israel are considered, with the possibility for other states to join). Such treaty would envisage an improved analogue of the NATO mechanism for consultations and legally-binding commitments to provide military assistance in the case of attack against Ukraine;
- different guarantee states might have different security guarantees, this will be decided in the course of consultations. Seven of them (US, UK, Turkey, Poland, Germany, France and Israel) confirmed their readiness to meet and discuss the guarantees;
- a document on security guarantees must be of fundamental character and ensure maximum and real protection for Ukraine and Ukrainian people after the end of the war. There could be two different documents: security guarantees from partner countries and a separate document with Russia;
- all guarantee states will support Ukraine’s accession to the EU;
- lifting of sanctions against Russia is not under discussion as a part of the peace treaty;
- all proposals by the Ukrainian authorities will be agreed with Ukrainian society, through the referendum.
The atrocities and war crimes committed by the Russian troops, as well as Russia’s wish to increase its military gains in Ukraine limit the space for negotiations. Still, they continue along with the consultations with the possible guarantee states. We expect Russia to withdraw to the positions before 24 February 2022:
- We are currently expecting Russia’s written response to the proposals submitted by Ukraine on 29 March. The Russian side has only presented its verbal comments and wishes to the proposals by Ukraine;
- On 4 April, President Zelenskyy established with his Decree an official delegation of Ukraine to negotiate the draft Treaty on security guarantees for Ukraine;
- It seems Russia hopes to receive a major military victory in Donbas before taking a constructive stance on the negotiations. This will not happen;
- The possible murder by Russian troops of Ukrainians in Azovstal in Mariupol or organizing fake “referendums” in the occupied territories will put an end to the negotiation process;
- On 26 April, president putin stressed that Russia would not agree to security guarantees for Ukraine if the territorial issues of Crimea and Donbas are not addressed;
- Any negotiations with Russia can be ceased due to atrocities by the Russian troops in Ukraine. Only the direct talks with president putin could be of substantial character, as he is the only one who takes the decisions;
- The current priority is to expel the Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine as much as possible, but the final goal is to restore the territorial integrity of Ukraine within the internationally recognized borders. Where it is possible to reach that scope through dialogue, Ukraine will do everything possible, but only as an equal partner. Ukraine will not agree to freeze this conflict;
- In order to resume meaningful talks, Russia must withdraw its troops to the positions in place before the start of full-scale invasion on 24 February.
Ukrainian people are dying for the freedom of Ukraine and Europe. We strive for a full-fledged EU membership and expect further steps on it to be taken as fast as possible, in particular obtaining the candidate status for membership until June. Ukraine’s membership in the EU is literally a matter of war and peace in Europe, as stressed by Minister Kuleba:
- Support for Ukraine’s accession to the EU increased to a record 91%, the highest figure in the history of independent Ukraine;
- 71% EU citizens (according to the survey held in April) believe that Ukraine is part of the European family and 66% agree that “Ukraine should join the EU when it is ready”;
- On 28 February, President of Ukraine signed an official application for the EU membership for Ukraine within new urgent procedure. Our application should be considered separately from Georgia and Moldova;
- Ukraine has filled the European Commission’s questionnaire. We hope that in June, the EC conclusion will be prepared and the EU leaders will grant Ukraine the status of a candidate country. After that, we have to start accession negotiations.
We are grateful for the decisions already taken by our friends and partners (12 bln USD of arms and finances as of 5 May). Some of them were unprecedented, such as EU providing 1.5 bln EUR to the Armed Forces of Ukraine (within the European Peace Facility) or neutral Switzerland freezing 8 bln EUR of Russia’s assets:
- arms, military equipment, ammunitions (>5 bln USD since the start of war as of 26 April), intelligence data and repairs of military hardware provided by our partners. Russia’s continued threats against them only prove the effectiveness of such assistance;
- decisions taken by a number of countries to stop buying Russian energy resources, the main source of financing Russia’s war machine;
- frozen assets and personal sanctions on Russian and BelaRussian oligarchs and entities worth billions of EUR;
- sanctions on the Russian defense sector, which undermine Russia’s capacities to attack;
- the decision of Turkey to block the access of Russian warships to the Black Sea and readiness to maintain this ban until the end of the war;
- introducing the ban on Russian aircrafts, vessels and trucks;
- humanitarian support provided for the citizens of Ukraine;
- fuel supplies, including for the sowing campaign (Azerbaijan).
The unprecedented sanctions (nearly 6000 as of now) are of particular importance, isolating Russia’s economy and severely undermining its economic and financial capacities to continue aggression. Atrocities, which continue to be committed by Russia in Ukraine, confirm that sanctions must be further strengthened and expanded, as well as introduced by those countries which have not made this until now. The world has to stop buying Russian commodities, which continue to finance Kremlin’s war against Ukraine. Any lifting of sanctions has to be agreed with Ukraine:
- Western sanctions have frozen 350 bln USD in Russia’s gold and foreign exchange reserves, about 60% of their volume. The US has banned the export of US dollars, and the EU has banned the supply of euro banknotes to Russia;
- Russia’s economy will face deep recession from 7 up to 14% in 2022;
- Russian currency (real exchange rate, not the official one) has drastically depreciated. According to Russia’s own conservative estimates, inflation in 2022 is expected 18-23%;
- Russian companies go 27% (and the number is growing) of Russian companies has laid off employees;
- Doing business with Russia becomes increasingly toxic, causing severe reputational and business losses. Over 600 companies have completely suspended or restricted their business ties with Russia. This process should continue, as Russia’s economy has entered a stage of rapid degradation, and soon the withdrawal of investments will be much more complicated;
- The sanctions imposed on Russia’s main railway company, “Russian Railways”, left Russia almost entirely without railway connection with the EU. Road traffic was banned by the sanctions as well: all Russian and BelaRussian lorries have left the EU;
- Payment systems Visa, Mastercard, Google Pay, Samsung Pay, PayPal, Payoneer, MoneyGram, JCB, Paysera and transfer systems Western Union, Paysend, Wise completely stop working in Russia and stop all card transactions;
- Experts estimate that about 3 mln Russian citizens will become unemployed;
- Russia’s sovereign ratings are downgraded and revoked, leading to default on public debt;
- Western sanctions undermine Russia’s positions throughout the world. Even Chinese tech companies are discreetly pulling out from doing business in Russia;
- On 6 May, Russia’s Ministry of Industry and Trade published a long list of so-called “parallel” imports, allowing many brands and products to be imported to Russia without the consent of the copyright holders. This proves inefficiency of Russia’s so-called “import substitution”.
Half-measures are not enough. Hesitancy to impose comprehensive sanctions aimed at stopping Russia’s war machine will be taken by Russia’s leadership as a permission to proceed with its war. Now, as we managed to stop the Russian troops, we need more heavy weapons supplied to Ukraine to be able to counterattack and liberate our territories. Further actions need to be done immediately:
- complete trade and transport embargo on Russia, most notably on oil, gas, gold and minerals (according to the estimates by the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air, since the start of war to 6 May, the EU countries paid 52.7 bln EUR to Russia for its fossil fuels), with no exemptions or delay. We hope the EU would impose an embargo on Russian oil in the 6th package of sanctions, reinforce the commitment to stick to the sunset dates for gas use and get ready to fully substitute both Russian gas and oil starting from June;
- Russia’s frozen foreign exchange reserves need to be used for compensations to Ukraine (EU HR for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell has already made such call);
- monitor any attempts by Russia and Russian citizens to avoid sanctions, including through the third countries (Iran, Iraq etc) or the sale of oil in the form of blends;
- refrain from making payments in Russian roubles for oil, gas and grain despite Russia’s pressure and blackmailing (on 27 April, Russia ceased gas supply to Bulgaria and Poland);
- disconnect all Russian banks from SWIFT, including “Sberbank” and “Gasprombank”;
- no-flight zone over Ukraine to cease the shelling of civilians by Russia and ensure the safety of critical infrastructure such as Nuclear Power Plants;
- deprive Russia of the opportunity to use GPS in war;
- introducing a special “war tax” for Russia and all aggressors around the world (all foreign trade operations and financial transactions that are currently not blocked);
- expanding sanctions to Lukashenka’s regime in Belarus;
- preventing Russia from the use of crypto-currencies to circumvent sanctions;
- expand sanctions to those richest people of Russia who are still free to finance Putin’s regime and war against Ukraine; their assets should be confiscated and used to compensate for the damage caused by Russia;
- ban of all Russian channels of propaganda broadcasting fakes on Russia’s war on Ukraine;
- deputinizing the world: ending Putin’s influence in politics, diplomacy, business, sports, culture, research & other spheres;
- encouraging private business to withdraw their investments, relocate production sites from Russia, and cut running contracts. Doing business in Russia and paying taxes to Russia’s budget must be stopped (the largest foreign companies paid 20.2 bln USD in taxes to the Russian government in 2020, nearly 1/3 of Russia’s annual military budget);
- imposing a visa-regime for holders of Russian diplomatic passports, blocking new visas and residency permits and revoking existing ones for Russian officials and their families (in addition to the EC recommendations to recall EU citizenship for the sanctioned owners of the so-called “golden passports” provided to major Russian and Belarusian investors);
- exclusion of Russia from all international financial institutions including the IMF and the World Bank;
- excluding Russia from the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering and designating it on FATF’s black list without delay.
The war launched by President of Russia, must be stopped. It is not in the interest of Russian and Belarusian citizens:
- We are grateful to the wide Ukrainian community abroad, which joined the Government of Ukraine in delivering the truth on Russia’s war in Europe;
- Anti-war demonstrations held by citizens of many nations throughout the world demonstrate strong support to Ukraine in defending against Russia;
- It is critical to keep informing Russian and Belarusian citizens on the aggressive war conducted without their consent against Ukraine by their leaders;
- Russian and Belarusian people are protesting against attacking Ukraine. According to the Russian government, as of 7 May 3.8 mln. people left the country in the past 3 months.
One of Russia’s key goals in the war it has launched is to destroy Ukraine’s economy, to make us a “failed state”, which would not be able to resist Russia’s pressure and influence:
- Since the start of war, a major part of economic activity has stalled: nearly 50% of Ukraine’s enterprizes work only partially, and 9% have stopped their activity. The Russian troops damage and destroy bridges and roads. Many industrial plants located primarily in eastern Ukraine suspended their work. Russia continues blocking Ukrainian ports in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov through which Ukraine exported >70% of all cargo before the war. Ukrainian ports of Kherson, Mariupol, Berdiansk, and Skadovsk are closed until the Government of Ukraine restores control of them;
- In 2022, according to the most recent estimates by Prime Minister of Ukraine, the GDP of Ukraine may drop by 30-50%. Inflation can reach 20%, according to the estimates by the National Bank of Ukraine. Monthly budget deficit caused by war is nearly 5 bln USD;
- Having taken control over all the hydrotechnical equipment of the North Crimean water channel, every day Russia robs Ukraine of water worth 1 mln USD;
- The Ukrainian Government estimates that overall infrastructure and economic losses in Ukraine caused by Russia’s war, will exceed 1 trillion USD in the coming years. As of now Russia’s invasion has damaged or destroyed up to 30% of Ukraine’s infrastructure at a cost of 100 bln USD. According to the World Bank Group preliminary assessment, the physical damage caused to Ukraine’s buildings and infrastructure as a result of Russia’s military aggression is ~60 bln USD.
The Russian war against Ukraine is a threat to global food security. Russia deliberately destroys agricultural infrastructure. As stressed by the UN Secretary General, the war “could throw more than 1/5 of humanity into poverty, destitution and hunger on a scale not seen in decades”. Defending Ukraine also protects the world from hunger and famine.
- Ukraine’s exports comprise about 10% of all wheat, 14% of all corn and 47% of all sunflower oil in the world;
- Russian invaders are blocking Ukrainian ports (and foreign ships there) and deliberately destroying agricultural machinery. As a result of Russia’s actions, food exports from Ukraine are partially suspended, as railway and roads remain the only viable, but limited routes. Almost 5 mln tons of grain remain blocked in Ukrainian ports;
- This will cause a large-scale humanitarian crisis in the world. 400 mln lives in the Middle East, North Africa and Asia are at risk of unstable access to food, malnutrition and famine. 36 out of 55 countries with food crises depend on Ukraine’s and Russia’s exports;
- Notwithstanding Russia’s aggression, the sowing season continues in Ukraine. Still, the estimated area for 2022 season will be 20% less than in 2021;
- The UN World Food Programme calls for urgent opening of Ukrainian ports in order to ensure delivery of Ukrainian products around the world and to help rein in global hunger crisis.
We do our utmost to thwart Russia’s plans and to keep Ukraine afloat:
- Ukraine’s business and industry outside the war zone continue working to support Ukraine’s economy. Ukraine has practically returned to the pre-war level of stocks of basic products. With support of the Ukrainian authorities, the relocation from the war zone continues: 400 companies have completed it, of which 219 have resumed operations in new locations, and 520 enterprises more are in the process of relocation (as of 22 April);
- The Ukrainian Parliament continues to adopt the laws aimed at supporting Ukrainian business in war time, including by cutting red tape, simplifying tax system, lifting import duties, insuring bank deposits etc;
- The Ukrainian Government launched lending and state financial leasing programs, which helped farmers and many other businesses to restart their activities;
- Ukrainian citizens that fled from war into other regions of Ukraine register as IDPs and receive welfare benefits. The same applies for those who lost their jobs due to the war;
- The Ukrainian government established four funds: support to Ukrainian army and humanitarian assistance; restoration of destroyed infrastructure (3 bln USD received as of 4 April); re-launch of small and medium business; servicing external debt;
- The platform United24 (https://u24.gov.ua) was launched by the Government of Ukraine to ensure systematic and transparent process of raising funds to support Ukraine;
- In the liberated areas, infrastructure and residential areas are being restored after demining;
- On 21 April, President Zelenskyy signed a decree establishing the National Council for the Reconstruction of Ukraine after the War.
We are grateful for all financial and technical assistance urgently provided to Ukraine. This strengthens our resilience to Russia’s war:
- As of 9 May, Ukraine reached agreements on 10 bln USD financial support in grants and loans, out of which 4.5 bln USD have already been received;
- On 16 March, Ukraine joined ENTSO-E. This will significantly enhance our energy independence and prevent any blackmailing in this sphere from Russia and Belarus;
- On 8 April, the Donor Conference for Ukraine in Warsaw raised 1 bln EUR in donations, loans and grants to support Ukrainian refugees fleeing the war following Russia’s invasion;
- The European Council agreed to develop a Ukraine Solidarity Trust Fund. It started its work on 5 May, at the International Donors Conference in Warsaw, at which 5 bln USD were raised for Ukraine;
- The European Commission is preparing an important decision to remove all duties and quotas on Ukrainian exports for one year, as well as to suspend anti-dumping tariffs, which would support Ukraine’s economic activity. Similar decisions have already been adopted by the UK and announced by Canada;
- On 28 April, the US has announced a new support package for Ukraine worth 33 bln USD (>20 bln for defense, >8 bln for economic support, and 3 bln for humanitarian aid).
We need to restore Ukraine’s economy when we win. On 5 May, President Zelenskyy stated at the High-Level International Donors’ Conference in Support of Ukraine in Warsaw that:
- Sufficient financial resources are needed so that Ukrainian men and women are provided with everything they need while the war continues. Ukraine, as the administrator of these funds, will provide all urgent needs – both defense, social and humanitarian;
- Ukraine is already preparing a large-scale Recovery Plan. We need a strategic international support plan that will be a modern analogue of the historic Marshall Plan.
- Ukraine needs to move quickly to the EU through its candidate status, which must be granted right now as a part of a special shortened procedure for the EU membership.
The economic recovery will be based on the following principles:
- Full access to the EU and G7 markets;
- Candidate status and afterwards membership in the EU;
- Cutting red tape;
- Improved logistics in the Western direction;
- Transition from export of raw materials to processing;
- Development of military-industrial complex;
- Reaching energy self-sufficiency;
- Transition to green economy;
- The localization of production.