CONDOLENCES TO MR. PAUL GOBLE

From: Eagle_wng

CONDOLENCES

“Justice For North Caucasus Group” is offering the most sincere and warmest condolences on the loss of Mr. Paul Goble’s mother.

We can imagine how difficult this must have been for Mr. Goble, losing a dear and a beloved part of his immediate family.

We are sure that many people of North Caucasian origin would share our feelings towards you being a strong defender for their legitimate rights of self-determination.

May God bless you and your family during this time and always.

Justice For North Caucasus Group

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Reuters: South Russia Violence Alarming But Controllable: Putin

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 10/18/2007 9:15 AM
South Russia violence alarming but controllable: Putin
Thu Oct 18, 2007 7:44am EDT

By James Kilner

MOSCOW (Reuters) – A rise in violence in Russia’s southern province of Ingushetia is alarming but cannot be compared to a 1999 rebel insurgency which triggered an invasion of Chechnya, Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday.

As Russian prime minister in 1999, Putin ordered Russia’s military back into Chechnya partly to quash rebel incursions in neighboring Dagestan. Russian forces had withdrawn from Chechnya in 1996 after fighting separatists for two years.

“The situation is far from being considered good,” Putin said of the upsurge in violence over the summer in Ingushetia, where barely a day passes without a shootout, bomb attack or kidnapping.

“But compared with 1999 the situation has changed fundamentally.”

Putin was answering a question posed by man from a village in Dagestan on the border with Chechnya during his annual question-and-answer session on state television.

The 55-year-old Putin is hugely popular in Russia for bringing relative stability and restoring national pride after the chaotic post-Soviet Union 1990s.

But, analysts say, a weakness is the continued fighting in the north Caucasus.

“There are alarming factors,” Putin said. “Incursions happen and people are dying. The federal centre will take action, including permanently stationing our forces there.”

These were one of the only direct public comments Putin has made on the surge in violence in Ingushetia this summer where ethnic Russian families are being murdered.

Last week Russia’s top general said he had withdrawn the extra 2,500 soldiers sent earlier in the year to quash a rise in rebel activity.

The Kremlin and Putin are eager to present the north Caucasus region as returning to normal.

“People are fed up with this confrontation and bloodshed and they have had a taste of normal life,” he said.

Putin has promoted Ramzan Kadyrov — a 31-year-old former rebel, whom human rights groups accuse of murder and kidnap — to head Chechnya.

Kadyrov has always denied the charges and buoyed by Kremlin funding has rebuilt the destroyed Chechen capital of Grozny.

http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSL1817116820071018

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BBC: England fans attacked in Moscow

From sataney_b1

England fans attacked in Moscow
 
 
Fans rioting in Moscow in 2002
In 2002 hooligans rioted in Moscow following defeat in the World Cup
Five England football fans have been beaten up in Moscow ahead of the Euro 2008 qualifying match with Russia, the Foreign Office has said.

A spokesman said two of the fans – among 4,000 in the city – had been treated and released and the three others were to leave hospital later.

None of the supporters is thought to have suffered serious injuries.

A total of 6,000 police officers will be stationed around the stadium on Wednesday to prevent crowd trouble.

According to police in Moscow, officers have been guarding the hotel where many of the England fans are staying.

Crucial game

Moscow deputy police chief Yevgeny Gildeyev told the AFP news agency that the clashes between Russians and England fans had been reported on Tuesday night and that a 25-year-old Moscow resident had been arrested suspected of being involved in one of the beatings.

The British embassy said that five Britons had been taken to hospital with “various injuries”.

Gildeyev also appealed for supporters not to antagonise each other.

“We appeal both to Russian and English supporters not to show any inappropriate behaviour towards each other, either inside or outside the stadium,” he said.

    
British football fans get drunk and provoke conflicts themselves
Yevgeny Gildeyev
Moscow deputy police chief

Moscow braced for riots

Russian news agency Itar-Tass quoted Mr Gildeyev as saying that England fans were behaving inappropriately.

He said many were giving the impression they had gone to Moscow “simply in order to drink and amuse themselves in clubs”.

He was also quoted as saying that “British football fans get drunk and provoke conflicts themselves”, adding that police had found some of them in such a state of drunkenness on Tuesday they were forced to accompany them back to their hotels.

mac

Russian radio station Ekho Moskvy reported that England fans were beaten in violent clashes across Moscow’s city centre, with three incidents taking place at the same time.

It said the first clash happened near an underground station when four England fans were making their way back to their rooms in a hotel.

They were attacked in a subway and beaten up.

At about the same time, a 33-year-old fan was seriously beaten up on a street and suffered head injuries, the station reported.

It said a 25-year-old was arrested in connection with this attack.

The station said a third attack also took place in the city centre, with a drunk England fan being taken to a police station saying he had been beaten in a bar.

Wreath

The authorities have prepared a massive security operation to try to prevent violence in and around the Luzhniki stadium.

England need a win to guarantee qualification to the final stage of Euro 2008.

Russia has some of the most feared football fans in Europe and a problem with organised hooliganism.

When Russia lost to Japan in the 2002 World Cup, football fans rioted in the centre of Moscow, burning cars and smashing shop windows. Two people were killed.

Earlier on Wednesday, England fans, accompanied by the British ambassador, took part in a wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Red Square.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7048674.stm

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Who are the Circassians

Thursday, January 11, 2007
Who are the Circassians

The Circassians

The Circassians (who call themselves “Adyghe”) are an indigenous people of the Northwest Caucasus region.

The term “Circassian” is the English equivalent of the Turkic “Cherkess”. Although this term has sometimes been used in a broad sense to include the Adyghe, the Abkhaz-Abaza and the Ubykhs – whose respective languages belong to the North-West Caucasian family group – or indiscriminately, to all the peoples of the North Caucasus, it should refer more precisely to the inhabitants of historical Circassia, the Adyghe. Today, only a minority of Circassians live in their divided ancestral homeland, mainly in three republics of the Russian Federation (Kabardino Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Adygheya), the majority having been forced to migrate to the Ottoman Empire following the 19th century Russian conquest of the Caucasus.
History

The Circassians first emerged as a coherent entity somewhere around the tenth century A.D., although references to them exist much earlier. They were never politically united, a fact which reduced their influence in the area and their ability to withstand periodic invasions from groups like the Mongols, Avars, Pechenegs, Huns, and Khazars.

This lack of unity eventually cost the Circassians their independence, as they were slowly conquered by Russia in a series of wars and campaigns in the late 18th and early to mid-19th centuries. During this period, the Circassians plight achieved a certain celebrity status in the West, but pledges of assistance were never fulfilled. After the Crimean War, Russia turned her attention to the Caucasus in earnest, starting with the peoples of Chechnya and Dagestan. In 1859, the Russians had finished defeating Imam Shamil in the eastern Caucasus, and turned their attention westward, finally subjugating the Circassians in 1864.

Like other ethnic minorities under Russian rule, the Circassians were subjected to policies of mass resettlement. Collectivization under the Communists also took its toll.
Culture

The Circassians were warlike people. Grown men were expected to carry arms, and boys trained to be warriors. Familial ties were not strongly encouraged; parents fostered their children to other adults rather than raising them themselves. The Circassian society was once matriarchal. Women fought in war alongside their husbands. Although the society is no longer matriarchal, women still give have a high place of respect and dignity.

Circassian society prior to the Russian invasion was highly stratified. While a few tribes in the mountainous regions of Circassia were fairly egalitarian, most were broken into strict castes. The highest was the caste of the “princes”, followed by a caste of lesser nobility, and then commoners, serfs, and slaves. In the decades before Russian rule, two tribes overthrew their traditional rulers and set up democratic processes, but this social experiment was cut short by the end of Circassian independence.

The primary religion among modern Circassians is Sunni Islam.
The Diaspora

Circassians have lived outside the Caucasus region since the Middle Ages. They formed a tradition of joining foreign armies, including those of Persia, Rome, Byzantium, and the Golden Horde. They were particularly well represented in the Mamluks of Turkey and Egypt. In fact, the Burji dynasty which ruled Egypt from 1382 to 1517 was founded by Circassian Mamluks.

Much of Circassian culture was disrupted after their conquest by Russia in 1864. This lead to a Circassian Diaspora, mostly to various parts of the Ottoman Empire. Today, significant communities of Circassians live in Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Israel, Libya, and the United States. The small community in Kosovo expatriated to Adygea in 1998.

Circassians
by John Colarusso, Myths from the Forests of Circassia

In the southwest of the Soviet Union, bordering upon Turkey and Iran, lies one of the most ethnographically complex areas in all Eurasia, the Caucasus. The Caucasus mountains, which dominate this area nearly the size of Spain, are home to a bewildering variety of ethnic groups, some of which seem to be survivors from earlier eras. These groups speak roughly fifty languages, the majority of which are unrelated to any other languages on earth, and show complex and exotic features that set them apart from the other languages of Eurasia. In this one area there are three distinct language families: the Southern or Kartvelian, the Northeastern or Daghestanian, and the Northwestern. The Northwestern languages are perhaps the most complex of any in the region and are spoken by the Abkhazians, the Abazas, the Ubykhs, the Kabardians and the Adygheans. The last two peoples are often grouped together as Circassians.

The Circassians originated in the northwestern quarter of the Caucasus, bounded on the north by the Kuban river. They practiced a mixed economy. Those in the higher vallies and montane forests practiced small scale agriculture and hunting, and often preserved old Christian or pagan customs. Those in the foothills and plains practiced horse-breeding, farming and trade, and usualy espoused Sunni Islam, though in their towns Christian and Jewish Circassians could be found. The Circassians were famed throughout the Middle East for the beauty of their women and the courage of their men. Physically most Circassians are European in appearance with perhaps a slight oriental cast to their features. Many Circassians are blond and blue-eyed, while others show a common feature of the Caucasus: very light skin coupled with black or extremely dark hair. A lithe and erect physique were favored, both for the men and the woman, and many villages even today have large numbers of healthy elderly people, many over a hundred years of age.

Their culture was and still is strongly dominated by a warrior ethic. The battle garb of the men, the Cherkesska, is a fitted caftan-like coat with cartridges sewn across the chest, a sheepskin hat and soft-soled knee-high boots of fine leather. It has been borrowed by many neighboring peoples, most notably the slavic Cossacks, so that this costume is often thought of as being Russian. Until recently the eight tribes into which they were divided showed varying degrees of a caste system similar to that surviving in modern India. There were priest-kings, nobles who formed the warriors, freemen who carried on trade, large scale farming and manufacture, and lastly peasants, former prisoners of war who were either small farmers or who acted as retainers to the princes and nobles. In 1864, five years after their defeat at the hands of the Tsarist armies, most of the freemen and peasants emigrated and settled in the Ottoman Empire. Thus today the majority of the world’s one million or so Circassians now live scattered throughout the Middle East and in cities in Europe and the U.S.A.

**

John Colarusso, Prometheus among the Circassians
http://circassiantoday.blogspot.com/2007/01/who-are-circassians.html#comment-1185457556550531978

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بي بي سي: تمثال جديد لستالين في روسيا

آخر تحديث: الأحد 28 ديسمبر 2008 14:12 GMT





تمثال جديد لستالين في روسيا

 






ريتشارد جابلن
بي بي سي – موسكو








صورة لموقع اسم روسيا الالكتروني
أجرى الاستطلاع بالتليفون ورسائل الانترنت

قد يكون ديكتاتور روسيا الأسبق جوزيف ستالين قد قتل بضعة ملايين من أبناء شعبه، لكن الشعب الروسي قد يختاره هذا الأسبوع، باعتباره أعظم شخصية في تاريخ بلاده.


لقد أقدمت محطة تليفزيون “روسيا” التي تعد إحدى أكبر المحطات التليفزيونية في البلاد على محاكاة المسابقة البريطانية التي أجريت منذ سنوات وحملت اسم “أعظم البريطانيين في التاريخ”، وأجرت القناة استطلاعا للرأي شمل روسيا بأسرها طوال العام الجاري الذي أوشك على نهايته.


ومن قائمة طويلة تضم 500 إسم هناك حاليا 12 إسما فقط يتعين أن يختار المشاهدون من بينها الشخصية التي يعتبرونها الأهم في تاريخ بلادهم.


وسيعلن إسم الفائز يوم الأحد. وقد أدلى نحو 3 ملايين ونصف مليون شخص بأصواتهم حتى الآن، وظل اسم ستالين- الجورجي الأصل- متقدما على ما عداه لعدة أشهر.


وكان ستالين قد تربع على القمة خلال الصيف إلى أن ناشد مدير المحطة التليفزيونية جمهور المشاهدين اختيار اسم آخر غيره.


وبين الأسماء المتنافسة في القائمة إيفان الرهيب، ولينين، وكاثرين العظيمة، والكسندر بوشكين.


غفران الأخطاء

لم يشكل تقدم ستالين في القائمة مفاجأة بالنسبة لأعضاء الحزب الشيوعي الذي يظل أكبر الأحزاب السياسية في البلاد.


يقول سيرجي مالينكوفيتش زعيم الحزب الشيوعي في سانت بطرسبورج “لقد جعل ستالين روسيا قوة عظمى، وكان أحد مؤسسي التحالف المعادي لهتلر في الحرب العالمية الثانية”.


ويضيف: “في كل الاستطلاعات جاء على القمة كأكثر الشخصيات شعبية. لم ينافسه شخص آخر. وبسبب كل ما قدمه لبلاده يمكننا أن نغفر له أخطاءه”.


الأمر لا يتوقف فقط على “غفران” أخطاء ستالين الذي يعد أكثر الديكتاتوريين دموية في القرن العشرين بل يريد مالينكوفيتش أن يجعله أيضا “قديسا”.


وبينما كنت أجري مقابلة معه كان يقبض بيده على أيقونة دقيقة لوجه ستالين.


وفي الشهر الماضي قام قس أرثوذوكسي بتعليق ايقونة لستالين في كنيسته الواقعة قرب سانت بطرسبورج.


ورغم أنه أرغم على إزالتها على الفور إلا أنه تعهد بأنه لن يسكت ومضى لكي يصف ستالين بأنه “الأب”.


لايزال هناك كثيرون في روسيا يشعرون بالتقدير لستالين بسبب دوره في الحرب العالمية الثانية عندما قاد الجيش السوفيتي إلى أن تمكن من إلحاق الهزيمة بألمانيا النازية.


والآن أصبحت هناك حملة لإعادة الاعتبار إلى ستالين، ويبدو أن الحكومة نفسها تقف وراءها.


والدليل الأول على ذلك يتمثل فيما يذكره كتاب مدرسي في التاريخ يشيد بدور ستالين ويعتبره مقبولا.


يقول محرر الكتاب المؤرخ الكسندر دانيلوف: “أعتقد ان الفكرة جاءت من فلاديمير بوتين عندما كان رئيسا قبل أن يصبح رئيسا للحكومة”.


لكن الأمر يتجاوز إعادة النظر في التاريخ الذي يدرس في المدارس، فقد اقتحمت شرطة مكافحة الشغب الشهر الماضي، مقر جماعة “ميموريا” المعروفة لحقوق الانسان.


وصادرت الشرطة 12 جهازا للكومبيوتر تضم المحتويات الكاملة لأرشيف الجماعة الذي يستعرض بالتفصيل التجاوزات التي ارتكبت في عهد ستالين وذلك بعد نشر مقال اعتبر “متطرفا” في إحدى الصحف المحلية.


ويتخصص فرع “ميموريا” في سانت بطرسبورج في دراسة الفظائع التي ارتكبت خلال العهد السوفيتي.


وتعتقد إرينا فليج مديرة المقر أن جماعتها أصبحت الآن مستهدفة من جانب السلطات بعد أن تغير الخطاب الأيديولوجي.


قومية جديدة

وهي ترى أن “الأيديولوجية الجديدة” تتمثل في “البوتينية” (نسبة إلى بوتين) التي برزت خلال السنتين الأخيرتين، والتي تقوم على شكل من أشكال القومية.


وقد أصبح الروس يرغبون أكثر فأكثر في الشعور بالفخر بتاريخهم ونبذ الشعور بالعار، ولذا أصبحوا يرفضون كل من يذكرهم بما ارتكب في الماضي من تجاوزات.


تقول إرينا “الخط الرسمي الآن هو أن النظام السوفيتي نجح في خلق دولة عظيمة.. وإذا تم تبرير ما فعله ستالين تستطيع الحكومة الحالية أن تفعل ما يحلو لها”.


وقد أثارت مصادرة أرشيف جماعة “ميموريال” ردود فعل تجاوزت الحدود.


المؤرخ البريطاني أورلاندو فيجيس تعاون مع “ميموريا” عندما كان يعد لوضع كتابه الأخير “الاتحاد السوفيتي من 1928 إلى 1953″.


وهو يقول: “لقد قمع نحو 25 مليون شخص في الاتحاد السوفيتي حسب أكثر التقديرات تحفظا في الفترة من 1928 إلى 1953 أي خلال عهد ستالين”.


ويضيف: “وهذا يعني الإعدامات والاعتقالات الجماعية والفردية وتشغيل المعتقلين في معسكرات العمل الشاق أي استعبادهم، أو ترحيلهم”.


ويرى فيجيس أن الكي جي بي (الشرطة السرية) قد عادت للتحكم في الأمور في روسيا حاليا بشكل عملي، ولذا أصبحت النظرة سلبية إلى جماعات المعارضة التي تذكر الناس بما فعله جهاز الكي جي بي قبل 50 عاما.


ويبدو بالتالي، أنه أيا كان من سيقع عليه الاختيار يوم الأحد، سيكون الفائز الأكبر هو جوزيف ستالين بعد أن أعيد إليه الاعتبار في عالم روسيا الجديد.

 

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KC: Guz Beg – The “Lion Of Circassia”

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 5/28/2007 9:00 PM
Guz Beg – the “Lion of Circassia”
Publication time: 28 May 2007, 19:27
There was a Circassian, (and he may be still alive,) called Guz Beg; and he gained for himself the name of the “Lion of Circassia.” He was always leading out little bands of men to attack the Russians. One day he found some Russian soldiers reaping in the fields, and when he came near they ran away in terror, leaving two hundred scythes in the field, which he seized. But a great calamity befel this Lion. He had an only son. When he first led the boy to the wars, he charged him never to shrink from the enemy, but to cut his way through the very midst. One day Guz Beg had ridden into the thick of the Russian soldiers, when suddenly a ball pierced his horse, and he was thrown headlong on the ground. There lay the Lion among the hunters. In another moment he would have been killed, when suddenly a youthful warrior flew to his rescue;-it was his own son. But what could one do among so many! A troop of Circassian horse rushed to the spot, and bore away Guz Beg; but they were too late to save his son. They bore away the body only of the brave boy. Guz Beg was deeply grieved; but he continued still to fight for his country.
See those black heaps of ashes. In that spot there once lived a prince named Zefri Bey, with his four hundred servants; but his dwellings were burned to the ground by the Russians. That prince fled to Turkey to plead for help. What would have become of his wife, and little girls, if a kind friend had not taken them under his care? This friend was hump-backed, but very brave. Some English travellers went to visit him, and were received in the guest-house and regaled with a supper of many tables. Next day the little girls came to the guest-house and kissed their hands. The daughter of the hump-backed man accompanied them. The children were delighted with some toys the traveller gave them, and the kind young lady accepted needles and scissors. But where was the wife of Zefri Bey? A servant was sent to inquire after her, and found her in rags, lying on a mat, without even a counterpane, and weeping bitterly. Had no one given her clothes, and coverings? Yes, but she gave everything away, for she had been used, as a princess, to make presents, and now she cared for nothing. Such are the miseries which the Russians bring upon Circassia.

Source: CircassianWorld

http://www.kavkazcenter.com/eng/content/2007/05/28/8348.shtml

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NatPress: Rumors about extraordinary situation in Volgodonsk atomic electro-stat

From: love_caucasus

 Rumors about extraordinary situation in Volgodonsk atomic electro-station caused panic among Adygeya inhabitants

     

The radiating environment in Adygeya territory corresponds to the normal level. As they informed IА REGNUM correspondent in the Federal branch of the Ministry on extraordinary situations (MES) across Adygeya Republic, for the last two weeks the radiating environment remained at the former level – 12 micro-roentgens an hour while the critical norm makes 30 micro-roentgens.

“There are no occasions for panic; we do not note cases of refusal to let children got to school and preschool institutions”, – they declared in the republican MES. In the streets of Maykop the experts of civil defense and extraordinary situations of Adygeya Republic carried out gaugings with special equipment, which tests were shown in the local television news.

Nevertheless, in connection with the rumors about extraordinary situation in Volgodonsk, in Adygeya Republic a wave of panic could be seen: the streets of the settlements appreciablly became abandoned – despite of the statements of authorities that it was a false alarm. In Maykop town drugstores people bought much more iodinized medicine than usual; in shops population actively bought up milk and dairy products.

Let’s remind, information of explosion threat in Volgodonsk AES (Rostov region), unknown person informed by phone “02”, was announced on May 20 in a number of mass-media. As the chief of the press centre of the Southern regional centre of the Ministry on extraordinary situations of Russian Federation Oleg Grekov informed IА REGNUM correspondent (referring to the secure work chief of Volgodonsk AES Leonid Aliferenko), any incidents connected to emergencies in the work of the nuclear reactor of Volgodonsk atomic electro-station had not taken place, both any threat to the population and the territories does not exist.

NatPress

http://www.natpress.net/stat_e.php?id=2700

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