NatPress: Adygeya President Hasn’t Yet Replied “Caucasian Unit” Inquiry

From: Eagle_wng

Adygeya president hasn’t yet replied “Caucasian unit” inquiry
19.10.2007
     

The Adygeya president Aslan Tkhakushinov appeared to be at a loss with reply the questions of the news agency “Caucasian unit”. There were only two questions, received not later Monday, and handed to the president administration for work. But there is no, in essence, reply so far.

By phone in the press-service its chief Ilias Bedanokov said that in the first question (NatPress: concerned deportation of the Turkish businessman – Adyg Muzaffer Avdji) the positive answer was received. He can visit Adygeya though tomorrow.

“From the party of Adygeya, – he explained, – there will not be any delays. Since October 2 to they have no claims to him”.

The question on, whether there were in the republican authorities any claims to the businessman before October 2, the head of the press-service answered: “there were not”. After an attempt to clear the situation Ilias Bedanokov said that in Adygeya there are no claims to the businessman, and for the actions of the other regions he could not say it.

In the second question (NatPress: deportation from Sochi of the president of “Adyghe Khase” Federation Djihan Djandemir) now all the conditions had not been found out, Ilias Bedanokov added.

In reception of the Adygeya president administration they simply asked: “Call tomorrow”.

Let’s remind, the letter had two questions:

What was made by the Adygeya president in relation to the incident with detention at the Krasnodar airport on May 30, 2006 and deportation of the Turkish industrialist of Adygeya origin, owner of the firm “Elimsan” Muzaffer Avdji?

What is the president’s attitude to the detention at the Sochi airport and deportation to Istanbul on September 19-24 this year Djihan Djandemir, president of “Adyghe Khase” Federation of Turkey?

NatPress

http://www.natpress.net/stat_e.php?id=3049

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THE HATUQWAI NATION, CEASED TO EXIST





From: Eagle_wng  (Original Message) Sent: 5/7/2005 9:12 PM






THE HATUQWAI NATION
 


THE HATUQWAI (HATQUAI) IS ONE OF THE WEST CIRCASSIAN TRIBES. IT HAS CEASED TO EXIST AS A SEPARATE ENTITY AFTER THE RUSSIAN-CAUCASIAN WAR. ITS MEMBERS HAVE BEEN ASSIMILATED BY THE OTHER CIRCASSIANS. THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THEIR HISTORY.



1



THE HATUQWAI IS ONE OF THE WESTERN CIRCASSIAN NATION-TRIBES THAT HAD BECOME WELL-KNOWN BY THE BEGINNING OF THE 17th CENTURY A.D.

“TATUKAI, KHATUKAI OR GATUKAIS” LIVE ALONG THE RIVERS: AFIPS, UBIN, YIL, ASHIPS … (LGHNC 1, 56-72); “GATIUKAI” (DIRR, A. M. ACT 2, 7); “KHATUKAI” (KHADJIMUKOV, PWC 3, 1)

ACCORDING TO RECEIVED EVIDENCE, THE HATUQWAIS LIVED ALONG THE COAST OF ANAPA 4, UNTIL THE 19th CENTURY A.D., THEN MOVED TO LABA 5.

THE ETHNONYM ORIGINATES FROM THE NAME OF THE PRINCE “KHKHATYKKO – THE YOUNGER BROTHER OF BOLOTOKKO, THE PROGENITOR OF THE TCHEMYRGOY 6 PRINCES” (KHAN-GIRAY, NOTES ON THE CIRCASSIANS, 188-219). THE ETHNONYM IN ITS CONTEMPORARY CIRCASSIAN FORM INDICATES THE POSSESSIVE OF THE PERSONAL NAME HATQO (WITH THE PATRONYMIC ELEMENT QO ‘SON’). THUS, LITERALLY: THAT BELONGS TO THE SON OF HAT. THE VERSION WHICH SUGGESTS AN ARABIC ORIGIN FOR THE NAME SHOULD BE DISCARDED (SEE CHELEBY 7, 58).

ACCORDING TO L. E. LAVROV (EC, 51), THE HATUQWAIS IN THE CAUCASUS LIVE AT PRESENT ONLY IN THE TOWN OF HATUQWAI. AT THE END OF THE 19th CENTURY A.D. TWO HATUQWAI VILLAGES, NAMELY PADISAY AND DABRAQUAY, IMMIGRATED TO TURKEY.



NOTES:

1. LATEST GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL NEWS ON THE CAUCASUS, COLLECTED AND SUPPLEMENTED BY SIMIONE BRONEVSKI, 1823.

2. CONTEMPORARY APPELATIONS OF CAUCASIAN TRIBES, TIFLIS, 1909.

3. PEOPLES OF WESTERN CAUCASIA, CAUCASIAN COLLECTION, 1910.

4. TOWN ON THE NORTH-EAST COAST OF THE BLACK SEA, CONSIDERED TO BE THE NORTH-WESTERN EDGE OF OLD CIRCASSIA.

5. ONE OF THE MORE IMPORTANT RIVERS IN WESTERN CIRCASSIA, 250 kms. IN LENGTH.

6. ONE OF THE CIRCASSIAN TRIBES. ITS DIALECT WAS ADOPTED AS THE OFFICIAL AND LITERARY LANGUAGE OF THE ADYGHEY REPUBLIC.

7. EVLYA CHELEBY, BOOK OF TRAVELS (MADE IN THE 17th CENTURY A.D.), 1979.




2



THE HATUQWAIS, ALONG WITH THE TCHEMYRGOYS (KEMIRGOYS, CHEMGWI), ARE CONSIDERED TO BE THE OFF-SPRING OF YANAL THE PROGENITOR OF THE KABARDIANS AND THE BESLANAY PRINCES. HOWEVER, THE HATUQWAI DIALECT BELONGS TO THE WESTERN CIRCASSIAN LANGUAGE FAMILY, ALTHOUGH IT WOULD SEEM THAT IT IS THE NEAREST TO EASTERN CIRCASSIAN (KABARDIAN).

LEGEND HAS IT THAT THE TCHEMYRGOY TRIBE DIVIDED INTO TWO BRANCHES, OR PRICEDOMS. ONE BECAME THE DOMAIN OF PRINCE BOLOTOQWA, THE OTHER THAT OF PRINCE HATUQWA. THE FORMER, BEING THE FIRST-BORN, REMAINED IN HIS PRINCIPALITY IN THE AREA BETWEEN THE RIVERS GREAT LABA AND SHKHAKOSHEM, KEEPING THE OLD TRIBAL NAME TCHEMYRGOY FOR HIS PRINCEDOM. PRINCE HATUQWAI MOVED TO THE WEST AND ESTABLISHED A NEW PRINCIPALITY.

THERE IS AN INTERESTING STORY THAT THE BIRTH OF THESE TWO PRINCES PRESAGED THE DIVISION OF THE TCHEMYRGOY TRIBE. BOLOTOQWA AND HATUQWA WERE TWINS, AND ON THE NIGHT OF THEIR BIRTH THEY WERE PLACED ON THE SAME BED AND WERE COVERED BY A FUR CLOTH, FOR IT WAS VERY COLD ON THAT NIGHT. IN THE MORNING, THE FUR WAS FOUND TORN INTO TWO PARTS. THE MOTHER OF THE INFANTS, BEING VERY SUPERSTITIOUS, SHRIEKED “UNLUCKY TCHEMYRGOYS, THEY HAVE TORN YOU ASUNDER”.



THE HATUQWAIS LIVED FOR A LONG TIME ALONG THE SOUTHERN BANKS OF THE KUBAN, A LITTLE LOWER THAN WHERE THE RIVER AFIPS FLOWS INTO IT. THEY WERE POWERFUL AND WERE FAMOUS FOR THEIR WAR-LIKE CHARACTER. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE KHAKHGATCH TRIBE DETACHED FROM THE HATUQWAI, WHICH FACT CONTRIBUTED MORE TO THE WEAKENING OF THE MOTHER TRIBE THAN THE RAVAGING INTERNECINE WARS AND THE RAMPANT CONTAGIOUS DISEASES.

THE HATUQWAIS HAD MANY PRINCES WHO BECAME FAMOUS FOR THE INTERNECINE WARS AMONG THE CIRCASSIAN TRIBES AS WELL AS THE WARS WITH THE TARTARS OF CRIMEA. IT SEEMS THAT THEY ALSO PLAYED AN ACTIVE ROLE IN THE DESTRUCTION OF ASTRAKHAN BY THE CIRCASSIANS. ONE OF THEIR PRINCES, NICKNAMED THE PALE, VASCILLATED IN TURN AS A FRIEND AND FOE OF THE KABARDIANS, WHO, AS IS WELL-KNOWN, KILLED KOSSYM KHAN AND SACKED HIS CAPITAL ASTRAKHAN.



ONE OF THE MORE FAMOUS HATUQWAI PRINCES WAS ASLAN-GIREY WHO, DESPITE BEING PHYSICALLY PUNY, POSSESSED A GREAT CHARACTER AND WAS RENOWNED FOR HIS EXTRAORDINARY GIFT OF ORATION. IT WOULD SEEM THAT THE HATUQWAI PRINCEDOM REACHED ITS ZENITH DURING HIS REIGN.

AT HIS DEATH-BED, SURROUNDED BY THE ELDERS OF THE NOBILITY, THE WISE PRINCE, WHEN ASKED WHICH OF THE HATUQWAI PEASANT FAMILIES SHOULD BE SET FREE AFTER HIS DEMISE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULES PRESCRIBED BY THEIR RELIGION, ANSWERED THAT AFTER HIM ALL THE HATUQWAIS WILL BE FREE, IMPLYING THE NEED FOR SEVERITY IN GOVERNING HIS WILFUL SUBJECTS.

INDEED, AFTER THE DECEASE OF ASLAN-GIREY, THE HATUQWAIS DIVIDED INTO TWO FACTIONS THAT FOR A LONG TIME WAGED WAR ONE AGAINST THE OTHER, CAUSING INNUMERABLE CALAMITIES AND EVENTUAL DIMINUTION OF TRIBAL POWER AND INFLUENCE.




3



THE LOCATION OF THE HATUQWAI TRIBE BEFORE THE RUSSIAN INVASION, AT THE TIME OF KHAN-GIRAY, THE CIRCASSIAN SCHOLAR (NOTES ON THE CIRCASSIANS, 188-219):

PRINCELY CLANS:
HATUQWA.
IN THREE VILLAGE:
1. ZANCHAREY YI QWAJ ON THE LABA.
2. SELTON YI QWAJ.
3. ZANKKLISH YI QWAM YI QWAJ ON THE RIVER PSIZH (KUBAN).

NOBLE CLANS:
1. SOBEPSHI. IN THE VILLAGE SOBAI ON THE SHKHAKQWASHA RIVER.
2. KHAPSEPSHI. IN THE VILLAGE OF KHAPAI, IN CHERCHENAY TERRITORY.
3. PADISAY. IN THE VILLAGE PADISAY ON THE KUBAN RIVER




IF YOU HAVE MORE INFORMATION TO ADD TO THIS PAGE CONCERNING THE HATUQWAI, I WOULD BE MORE THAN GLAD TO INCORPORATE IT HEREIN. I WOULD ALSO LOVE TO HEAR YOUR COMMENTS ON THIS PAGE OR ANY OTHER SECTION OF THIS SITE.




CONTACT ME AT THE FOLLOWING E-MAIL ADDRESS: naim@rss.gov.jo

http://www.geocities.com/Eureka/Enterprises/2493/hatuqwai.html

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NatPress: Adygeya Airlines Could Get Airplanes

From: Eagle_wng

Adygeya airlines could get airplanes
12.7.2007
     

Adygeya has a chance to arrange its own airlines. But in order to use that chance, there will be necessary to make many efforts. About it “Caucasian unit” correspondent was informed by the chief of the transport department of the Ministry of construction, transport, road facilities of the republic Sergey Tolstikov. As he notified, between the appropriate structure of the Ministry of defense of Russia and Adygeya president Aslan Tkhakushinov an oral arrangement on opportunity of transfer into the republican property 4 planes TU-134 had been achieved.

The Maykop airport, the chief of the department explained, having, besides for the runway, an air station of joint (corr.: with the militarians) air-basing in stanitsa Hanskaya, can organize flights with a great capacity of different types: for example, ЯК-42, TU-134. But the Adygeya Air lines, which have those air stations, have no passenger crafts. The president’s initiative is also connected to it, S. Tolstikov added.

As he said, the question is about the planes, technically faulty and out-of-service. Besides that have no passenger updating of the design, and the military one, intended for special training flights. That is, to use TU-134 as a civil aircraft, they would have, in addition to their repair, to convert: not only to fix armchairs, but also, say, windows.

“Now, – S. Tolstikov said, – the Cabinet ministers of Adygeya authorized the structure of commission. It should organize a primary inspection of these air crafts, should determine opportunities for re-converting with equipment, and to estimate initial expenses connected with moving of those planes to the specialized repair factories. The planes are not placed in one place, every air craft is in its “own place”, and there are only two special factories: in Rostov-on-Don and in the capital of Belarus Minsk”.

The planes could be used by the Adygeya airlines for regular, or charter flights – on the territory of Russia. “We have been studied the question, – the chief of the department told, – So, for example such air flights, as Maykop-Moscow would be rather popular”.

NatPress

http://www.natpress.net/stat_e.php?id=2856

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Caucasian Knot: Russian Community In Azerbaijan Is Concerned With Destruction…





From: Eagle_wng  (Original Message) Sent: 9/14/2007 9:26 PM





CAUCASIAN KNOT / NEWS

13/9/2007


Russian community in Azerbaijan is concerned with destruction of cemetery


The Russian community of Azerbaijan is extremely anxious about the destruction of the Russian cemetery in the Narimanovskiy District of the city of Baku.


The “Caucasian Knot” correspondent reports that the members of the Russian community have told him that the Coordination Board of Russian-Speaking Public Organizations of Compatriots in Azerbaijan lodged applications with a demand to stop vandalism to President Ilham Aliev and Mayor of Baku Gadzhibala Abutalybov.


According to Alexander Alekseev, deputy chairman of the Russian community of Azerbaijan, the reburial, as he was informed by the executive officials of Baku, is undertaken with the aim to build a highway across the cemetery.


“We perfectly understand that the transport system of the capital requires modernization. However, we don’t understand, how it can be possible not to warn the relatives about the forthcoming destruction of the cemetery, open tombs by power shovels, level then down by bulldozer, and smash fencings and gravestones. Do the contractors really have at least any decency and culture to organize the reburial in a civilized manner?” Mr Alekseev asked.


Besides, he added that the reburial, despite all the assurances of the authorities, is far from being free-of-charge, since directors of the cemetery are claiming some 300 US dollars from the relatives for every place provided for reburial.


He has also noted that should the authorities of the capital of Azerbaijan persist in this vandalism, the Russian community will bring action against them, up to the European Court for Human Rights.


http://eng.kavkaz.memo.ru/newstext/engnews/id/1197127.html

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NatPress: Adygeya Delegation Will Take Part In S.-Petersburg International…

From: Ealge_wng

Adygeya delegation will take part in 11 S.-Petersburg international economic forum
7.6.2007
     

The delegation of Adygeya Republic led by president Aslan Tkhakushinov will take part in the 11 S.-Petersburg international economic forum that will pass in the exposing centre “Lenexpo” from June 8 till June 10. YUGA.Ru informed that.

As they informed in the press-service of the Adygeya president administration, in the delegation of Adygeya there will be the speaker of State Soviet-Khase of Adygeya Republic Ruslan Hadjebiekov and the prime minister of Adygeya Vladimir Samozhenkov. During the forum the leadership of Adygeya will have a number of meetings important for development of Adygeya economy.

“The Forum annually gathers the world leaders for discussion of the most urgent questions faced by Russia and the world community. It is to promote adjustment of the partner relations among the countries. The leading experts in the field of economy will discuss the most important problems of cooperation at the plenary sessions and thematic round tables”, – the representative of the republican -service explained.

Meanwhile, as “Caucasian unit” correspondent had already informed, in Adygeya a business-forum of Adygeya Diaspora is considered. Planned in Maykop for the end of October the economic forum of Adygeyan Diaspora “Adygeya – territory of cooperation” will pass in the frameworks of the 450th anniversary of Adygeya’s voluntary association with Russia. The press-service of the head of Adygeya informed that.

The idea of the forum’s organization supported by the Adygeya president A. Tkhakushinov, belongs to the executive and legislative authorities of republic. Within the framework of the business-forum planned for the third decade of October, the straight dialogue of the republican authorities with the representatives of the business circles- compatriots of the Circassian Diaspora from the foreign countries is expected.

NatPress

http://www.natpress.net/stat_e.php?id=2755

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RFE/RL: Chechnya: Secret Prison Victim Recalls His Ordeal





From: Eagle_wng  (Original Message) Sent: 6/26/2006 10:08 PM






Wednesday, May 17, 2006

Chechnya: Secret Prison Victim Recalls His Ordeal









Chechnya -- Abuse
The body of Chechen Shamil Idrisov, 28, after what the rights group Memorial considers his unlawful arrest and extrajudicial execution in Argun in 2002
(official site)
In a new report, the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHF) alleges that Russian security services and their Chechen allies are operating clandestine prisons in the breakaway province to detain and torture civilians. In an interview with RFE/RL’s North Caucasus Service, one victim of this illicit practice talked about his experience of being illegally detained in 2004. He asked that he not be identified for reasons of safety.

PRAGUE, May 17, 2006 (RFE/RL) — Some 50 men wearing Russian military uniforms took the man from his home in Chechnya’s Shali Raion in the morning. They blindfolded and beat him, gave him electric shocks, and tossed him in a pit.
 
“The holes were 8 to 10 meters deep with rope ladders,” the victim said. “Every 10 or 15 minutes they pulled me out to interrogate and torture me. When they put me in the hole the first time, I was blindfolded. They told me if I took off the blindfold and opened my eyes they would throw in a grenade. The last time I was put in the hole without the blindfold and saw the names of people — men and women — who had been there before.”
 
It was a terrifying experience. And, according to a report by the Vienna-based Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHF), it is not an uncommon occurrence in Chechnya.
 
Extrajudicial Punishment

According to the IHF report, extrajudicial detentions, interrogations, torture, and even executions have become the norm as Russian federal forces and their Chechen allies try to gain control of the rebel region.
 
Earth pits, metal storage containers, and underground pedestrian street crossings have all been put to use as part of an ever-expanding makeshift, secret gulag used to extract intelligence and systematically intimidate a civilian population already weary from Russia’s two wars in the republic.
 
The Shali man said his captors attempted to gain information about Chechen fighters.

“The last time I was put in the hole without the blindfold and saw the names of people — men and women — who had been there before.”


“They asked me where the Chechen rebel bases were, who is selling narcotics, and where the weapons were being stored,” he said. “I told them that I didn’t know this information and they told me they would help me remember. During one of the interrogations, they asked if I could at least name people who fired guns in the air at weddings.”
 
The man was then subjected to electric shocks, which continued until he lost consciousness. In the evening, the man was set free, left on the side of the road with his hands bound behind his back, a belt tightened around his neck, and a backpack wrapped over his head like a makeshift hood.

Secret Network

Shortly after the second Chechen war began in 1999, Russian forces began constructing a secret network of prisons in the province, most of them in the form of earth pits like the one in which the victim from Shali ended up.
 
But over the years, human rights activists such as IHF Executive Director Aaron Rhodes say the network has expanded and become more diverse and sophisticated.

“There is evidence that more and more illegal prisons have been functioning. And as the report shows, the facilities take a number of different kinds of forms.” — IHF Executive Director Rhodes


“There is evidence that more and more illegal prisons have been functioning,” Rhodes said. “And as the report shows, the facilities take a number of different kinds of forms. There’s quite a variety of types of illegal prisons used in Chechnya.”

And as Russia prepares to take over as Chair of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe this week, there is mounting pressure for an investigation into Moscow’s secret Chechen prisons.
 
Investigation In Order

The IHF on May 15 asked Swiss Senator Dick Marty, who is investigating allegations of secret CIA prisons for the Council of Europe, to expand his probe to include Russian facilities in Chechnya.

Rhodes says the request is meant to call attention to the issue at a critical moment in Russia’s Council of Europe membership.
 
”We’re hoping for more exposure of these problems,” Rhodes said. “And we’re hoping that in the context of the Council of Europe political process that other members of the Council of Europe would express their concern and find ways to help the Russian Federation solve some of these problems in a positive way. The report isn’t meant simply to pose a criticism, it’s meant to be a vehicle for addressing problems that are of concern to us all.”


http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2006/05/e7193599-f623-42ca-a760-964740c19193.html

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Natpress: Pupils Of Maykop Special School Grieve Over Lost Friend, Pitied…

Pupils of Maykop special school grieve over lost friend, pitied “second mum” and complain about public prosecutor
17.3.2007
     

The
employees and pupils of the Maykop special professional school (SPS)
(which pupil – Dmitry Gruzdev – was lost on March 6th at disassembling
of an abandoned building) consider that the Office of Public Prosecutor
concerns in unfair way to their director against which criminal
proceeding was instituted. They stated that in a letter published by
the official site of the Adygeya capital administration, “Caucasian
unit” correspondent reported. The letter was received, as it was spoken
in the message, on March 16th when “ in Nizhni Novgorod, on Dima’s
native land, his funeral” was taking place.

“All of us are
very anxious and grieve in occasion of death on March, 6th of our
comrade Dima Gruzdev, – it was stated in the pupils’ letter. – During
two years he had been our friend and brother; and always with us …
there was our second mum – the director of our school Sheudzhen Asiet
Abubachirovna. The next morning after the tragedy all of us waited for
her arrival, wished to feel her support and to cry together, but it
turned out that she was taken away from us”.

On March 7th,
according to the letter’s authors, they saw a reporting about the
notorious events, and all of them were hurt. Then very heavy days came:
children who worked together with Dima, were taken to interrogations
not once. “ How many ways for our short life we had been named:
hooligans, thieves, gangsters, and now in addition to that we appeared
to be slaves as the public prosecutor told, – the pupils complained. –
Only having got to the Maykop special professional school, we have felt
like average people, instead of slaves”.

“It is very difficult
to us in our school to go through the tragical death of our friend Dima
Gruzdev, – the teenagers said, – and you add oil to fire, making us
hurt more and more”.

“It is very difficult to us in our school
to go through the tragical death of our friend Dima Gruzdev, – the
teenagers said, – and you add oil to fire, making us hurt more and
more”.

“Our special school is one of the best in Russia, – the
pupils approved, – and we feel constant care of our director, our
second mum”.

According to the pupils, in the last year the
school became a participant of the project of the EU “Children and
youth of risk groups”. Working in that project, some children got
acquainted with the republican TV; in the school “Spetsgazeta” is
printed; they have programs of “C-2″ radiostudio broadcasted. Besides
the teenagers draw oil pictures – in the school there is even a picture
gallery; the pupils also sew little covers, do hand-made articles and
toys, make dramatized performances, participate in the town
competitions on volleyball, go for a rollers’ drive.

As it was
stated in the final part of the publication of the web-site, “in
relation to this emergency that entailed death of a teenager, the court
will make a verdict. And for each reader it is left the right to make
his comments. What has happened: an accident, a ridiculous oversight or
it is only one of links of a chain of the illegal actions hidden from
the public sight?”

Let’s remind, on March 6th during
disassembling of an old building in the territory of the former
Furniture combine “Friendship” in Maykop one pupil of the special
professional school was lost. The group of pupils had been directed for
those works under instruction of the director of that school. They
promised to pay the teenagers 50 copecks for each cleared brick.

At
the moment of their works a crashing of the walls and ceiling floors
happened. One of the teenagers thus traumatized his legs. Dmitry
Gruzdev appeared in the center of the wall’s crashing and died.

According
to the Maykop public prosecutor of Andrey Fatin who acted then on TV,
using “a slave labour of minors which should not be engaged in such
work” took place. As it notified, in that school they should be
educated brought up.

The director of the special school Asiet
Sheudzhen was detained on suspicion of excess of the official powers.
Against her the preventive punishment –subscription about staying in
the town – is applied. According to the law she is threatened up to 10
years of imprisonment.

Let’s also remind, in that special school teenagers who had earlier committed grave crimes are brought up.

Natpress

http://www.natpress.net/stat_e.php?id=2614

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