Caucasus Also found in: Dictionary/thesaurus, Columbia, Hutchinson Caucasus Caucasus on eBay Find caucasus items at low prices. With over 5 million items for sale every day, you’ll find all kinds of unique things on eBay – the World’s Online Marke

       Also found in: Dictionary/thesaurus, Columbia, Hutchinson     
Caucasus on eBay
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Pilgrim Tours – Russian tour operator offers wide range of regular departure tours, private customized tours and friendly support for independent travelers in Elbrus region, Caucasus.
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The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus – CIA map
The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. The highest peak is Mount Elbrus (5642m).
The nations that comprise today’s Caucasus include Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and parts of Russia. The northern slopes of the Caucasus are in the Russian Federation: Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai and the autonomous republics Adygea, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya and Dagestan. The northern section of the Caucasus is known as the Ciscaucasus, and the southern as the Transcaucasus.
Three nationalistic political entities, comprising part of the area, claim independence, but are not acknowledged by international institutions: Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh and South Ossetia. The Caucasus is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse places on Earth. The Caucasus region (Caucasia) is geographically a part of Asia (thus the Persian name Qafqâz), but historically and culturally it is often seen as a part of Europe.
The Biblical Mount Ararat where Noah’s Ark is said to have landed is regarded as the landmark of the ancient Armenian realm. The peak of Ararat is seasonally capped with snow. In Greek mythology, the Caucasus, or Kaukasos was one of the pillars supporting the world. Prometheus was chained there by Zeus. The Roman poet Ovid placed Caucasus in Scythia and depicted it as a cold and stony mountain which was the abode of personified hunger.

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Reply To Nafen Presse Article In Regard To Radio Adiga

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 8/7/2006 3:23 PM

A Reply To Nafen Presse Article In Regard To Radio Adiga

This is a reply for the indecent and inappropriate article wording that was published in Nafen presse, in Arabic Language dated, 7, August, 2006, concerning the impolite, rude and vulgar comments against the great Circassian site, “Radio Adiga”.

Our brothers and sisters, who happened to be living where ever they are living, in Diaspora, did not choose to do so by themselves, but was a compulsory deportation the way that Palestinians were forced out of their homes in Palestine, and they did not invite the Jews to occupy Palestine and occupy the land to establish the State of Israel.

What does he want you to do? At least you have a noble cause, and you are presenting the Circassian Language, and trying to connect all Adiga minorities in Diaspora with Circassians and Adigas in the North Caucasus.

you are presenting all of this in our mother tongue, the Adiga Language, and if he is able to compete with you in that aspect, then let him show us, and the Circassian general public and opinion will be able to differentiate between what is right and what is wrong.

What shows on that very particular site is the capability of the use of Arabic Literature (with all respect to the language), and the show off business of the use of that language in presenting conflicts with different people which do not at the end help the Circassian cause at all.

I hope that what was mentioned in the article was just a misunderstanding and miscalculation of concept and/or facts, otherwise all the Circassian public opinion wherever they are, will not accept this kind of cheap and lame allegations.

We should not overload and/or underestimate our own people’s intelligence and good intention, especially those creative pioneers who came up with this bright idea of establishing “Radio Adiga” which keeps internet-transmitting on the line at 24 hours continuous programs that deals with Circassian concerns and matters.

It is very disappointing to see that some Adiga and Circassian concerns which should be kept among the Circassians and/or North Caucasians only, were discussed  on the net with outsiders, foreigners, and people who are not Circassians and have no idea what so ever about “adiga Khabza”!

It is not sure which of the Hakouz family that you belong to, and where your tribe and your people were forced to immigrate to, but it doesn’t seem that you recognize the far distance that you have reached, and the red boundaries that you have crossed and penetrated, in order to try to offend our respected brothers and sisters who did not choose where to be deported to, and/or forced to be living and staying until the day, that Almighty God allows our return home!

It’s nice to remember the proverb that states: “If ignorance was bliss, it’s folly to be wise”.

If the intentions were good, and/or the Circassians’ common interests were the mean core for this particular article, then the problems of all Circassians’ minorities and communities both in dear Motherland and Diaspora would be tackled and discussed at the same time.

Real and sincere Circassians know exactly what “Radio Adiga” had mentioned in “Nafna News” in regard to the latest Middle East War that had erupted and the situation of our dear Circassian brothers and sisters being caught in the center of the battle field watching the rockets and missiles flying over their heads! The two Circassian villages, Kafar Kama, close to Tiberius, and Rihanya, just on the Lebanese border got no choice, but to accept God’s well of being trapped in the battle field.

Talking about the documents that all individuals should get where ever they reside and live, even in Motherland where our people are subjected to imperial and colonial rule, there is nothing against any of our Circassian communities who are living in more than thirty countries of the world to be entitled for legal documentation, to have the proof of residence, identity, citizenship, health insurance, driving license, and employment. If any citizen does not have the legal papers and documents, then that individual and his family will be living unknown in accordance with the law of land.

If that individual is showing that he is living in Algiers, then any analyst and/or “mean criticizer” would give a prediction that this individual is either a government agent, French Intelligence spy, the Islamic Front or the other radical Islamic groups! That shows that the sky is the limit for the predictions.

Another example is the Syrian Circassians that were involved in the 1967 War that had erupted with Israel, and Circassians who used to live in the Golan Heights had to refuge to other parts of Syria and some of them later on had immigrate to other countries such as Canada and USA. Where Circassians to be blamed for that?

Last but not least, it’s fair to mention the Circassians and North Caucasians who had to be living in Iraq and were subjected the latest Iraqi civil war consequences, and got no way out so far! Let that smart guy come up with a suggestion how to solve out their complicated problems.



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Adygeanatpress: Republican “Adyghe Khase Insists

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 8/20/2006 1:28 AM
 Republican “Adyghe Khase”: we need to celebrate  450th anniversary of Adygeya’s voluntary integration in Russia

The 450th anniversary of the voluntary integration of Adygeya in Russia, on some preliminary data, would be celebrated in September of the next year. The chairman of the executive committee of the social movement “Adyghe Khase” of the republic Askhad Chirg declared to the journalists of Adygeya mass-media that the executive committee of the organization had unanimously made the decision to participate in the celebrating actions, IА REGNUM correspondent reported.

\”This event, – he said, in particular, – cannot be connected with the Caucasian war of the XIX century. It had occurred much earlier and showed what mutual relations between Russian and Adygs at that time had existed, how Adygs participated in life of the Russian state. We are not the only one who should celebrate this date; for the celebrations in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachaevo-Circassia they also prepare\”. In summary Chirg called up all inhabitants of Adygeya to participate actively in the celebration.

Let’s remind, some days earlier with a protest against the holiday preparation the branch of “Adyghe Khase” of Adygeysk town acted. The text of the protest was spread in the republican structure of the organization, to the governmental newspapers, and was delivered to IА REGNUM correspondent.

According to the head of the branch Aliy Tliap, he was informed that in Maykop the session of the council of “Adyghe Khase” where the protest of the town branch they planned to consider gathered. The council of the organization has 33 persons. However the call about the preparing session was received not from “Adyghe Khase” directly (as it had always been) but from one of the republican authorities. Tliap phoned members of the council and found out that nobody of them was informed about the preparing action. Therefore the executive committee of the organization he headed made decision to not take part in preparing discussion of the protest in Maykop. Now it was found out that the protest was rejected by the executive committee of “Adyghe Khase” (7 people).


From “AdygeaNatPress”: Tliap noted also that the town branch had kept its opinion. The branch is going to achieve discussion of the protest with the expanded structure of participants of the movement of “Adyghe Khase” among which as he hoped they would find support. Besides the leader of the branch stated his confidence that the protest should be expressed also by other public organizations of the republic.

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From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng    Sent: 8/20/2006 1:44 AM
Scientists disapprove Adygeya’s voluntary integration with Russia in XVI century
Ways of concern to the idea of celebrating of the 450th anniversary of Adygeya’s integration in Russia from the scientific point of view, – that was the question IA REGNUM correspondent addressed the master of historical degree, the head of the department of history of Adygeya republican institute of humanitarian researches Asker Panesh. According to the scientist, his attitude to the problem remained the same it had been, in particular, in 1996-1997. Then the decision to refuse celebrating the 440th anniversary was made. That, in its turn, was based on historic facts remained constant, too. The scientist presented IA REGNUM correspondent the publication in the republican newspaper “The Soviet Adygeya”, dated on October 4th, 1997. The article was entitled “Mutually Advantageous Union”.

In the publication it was told: ” Today there are no bases to speak about voluntary connection (integration) of the western Adygs to Russia. Here the question can be about the military-political agreement directed against the Crimean khans. During the Middle Ages there was a practice of addressing of peoples to stronger states. It spoke necessity of protection against possible aggression. In conditions of the pressure from Turkish and Crimean foreign policies Adygs, alongside with their courageous protection of the Native land, applied to diplomatic means for preservation of their independence”.

“In April, 1996 under the initiative of scientists from the Adygeya republican institute of humanitarian researches, – it was noted further in the article, – devoted to the problem of Russian-Adygeyan relations in the XVI century an expanded session of the academic council took place. Scientists from Moscow, Krasnodar and the Northern Caucasian republics had been invited to the session. All the historians were unanimous that establishment of communications of the western Adygs with the Russian state in the XVI century was dictated by necessity of protection against the Crimean attacks. On the other hand, Moscow was interested in those communications, as they created for it rather favourable strategic initiative in its war against Crimea”.

One of the Moscow scientists who participated in the session of the academic council in Maykop in 1996, – Asker Panesh explained IA REGNUM correspondent, – then director of Domestic history of the Russian Academy of sciences Alexander Novoseltsev was. At the session he said the following: “In my opinion, here we can talk about the certain protection, patronage of the Russian imperial government in relation to other governors. Because we know in practice that the same joined governors of the Northern Caucasus, Kalmykia, and so on, could accept double citizenship, becoming Turkish sultan, Iranian shah, and others. Briefly speaking, that was a very original form of relations that, in my opinion, cannot be defined in any way as a connection of some areas and peoples to the Russian state. But nevertheless, since the 50s, since the time of the well-known anniversary of Kabarda’s integration to Russia, we have such literally shaft wave of “voluntary connection of peoples and areas to Russia”.

Novoseltsev also said about those to whom similar celebratings would be favourable. “As I imagine it to myself, the main characters here were not scientists, no local, neither central ones though they, as a rule, in those or other circumstances were compelled to take part in organization of such sort of the anniversaries. But it was organized and dictated by corresponding ideological heads both in the center, and at the places. That is quite clear, because any anniversary led to that a republic or heads received the certain awards, were given, probably, some additional means in favour of a republic – in general such anniversary had a rather noisy sounding”.


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Gas-Refining Plant Blown Up in Ingushetia

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 8/22/2006 2:05 PM
Gas-Refining Plant Blown Up in Ingushetia
Publication time: 22 August 2006, 13:33

Mujahideen blew up a gas-refining plant in the Russian-occupied Caucasian state of Ingushetia, which borders Chechnya,  Russian media reports quoting the the puppets’ “interior ministry”.

The blast happened in village Vosnesenovskaya at 2:30 a.m. local time on Tuesday (August 22). Mujahideen  planted two powerful shaped charges that went off practically simultaneously.

The attack caused much damage to the invaders. After the blast oil began leaking and caught huge fire, the flame was 15-20 meters high.

It took fire-fighters approximately three hours to put out the fire. The invaders purportedly suffered no casualties.


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Two “Foreign Mujahideen” Purported to Have Been Killed by FSB in Ingushetia

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 8/31/2006 10:46 PM
Two “Foreign Mujahideen” Purported to Have Been Killed by FSB in Ingushetia
Publication time: 31 August 2006, 12:37

After a successful diversion operation of Ingush Mujahideen in executing of a puppet “prosecuter” yesterday, the Russian terrorist  organization FSB claimed  today (August 30)  two “foreign Mujahideen”  had been killed in a clash with FSB troops near village Ali Yurt in the Russian-occupied Caucasian Muslim state of Ingushetia.

After heavy defeats, the Russian secret police FSB usually invent stories  about  Al Kaida involvment in the Russian-Chechen War.

No information regarding this issue was available from Ingush Mujahideen till the filing of this report.


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Adygeanatpress: “Jamestown Foundation” Journalist Arrived To North Caucasus

From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 9/5/2006 10:23 PM
 “Jamestown Foundation” Journalist Arrived To North Caucasus
To Adygeya “Jamestown Foundation” magazine’s journalist (USA) across Northern Caucasus arrived

To Adygeya on September 3rd the journalist of the magazine “Jamestown Foundation” (USA) across Northern Caucasus Ivan Sventsitsky arrived. On the first day of his stay in the republic he met the vice-president of the republican public organization “Nafna” Aly Avgana and IА REGNUM correspondent across Adygeya Aslan Shazzo. The visitor told that at present the USA paid increasing attention to the events in Adygeya.

He noted the settled opinion that the USA tried to destabilize the situation in the Northern Caucasus was untrue. On the contrary, they are interested in preservation of peace and stability. The leadership of the foreign state could not to affect directly the situation in the region, the journalist explained, as that would be regarded as an intervention in the internal affairs of the Russian state. At the same time, mechanisms by means of which it would be possible to influence on the internal policy of other states exist all the same.

As Sventsitsky explained, during his present trip he would like to meet the leaders of public organizations, public figures who did not bear or support the idea of integration of the territory of Adygeya into the structure of Krasnodar territory, together with the young Moslems. Information the journalist should receive, would be used at the conference in Washington in the middle of September of this year devoted to the problems of the Northern Caucasus.


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Adygeanatpress : Official reason for journalists’ detention in Nalchik – shootin

From: love_caucasus

Official reason for journalists’ detention in Nalchik – shooting of special object


Film crew of the independent agency “CMI production” (CMI) from the Great Britain and IА REGNUM chief-editor across the Northern Caucasus Fatima Tlisova detained in the morning on Sunday of September 10th in Nalchik during interviewing, are released at 18.00 by Moscow time. As IА REGNUM correspondent reported, the official reason for detention was shooting in the Nogmov’s street where the town department of inner affairs building # 2 is located. Shootings of the interview was made about 10.30 a.m. in the crowded place in the town centre, the CMI correspondent together with Tlisova went on the sidewalk and talked, the operator was shooting the interview with the video-camera. In the end of their conversation from the building of the department of inner affairs # 2 situated near an employee of militia went out and demanded from the journalists their documents. He informed that one of the journalists should go to the building of the department of inner affairs # 2 for explanation of the reasons for shooting in that street. Together with the militiaman the journalist from London Nicolas Stardy entered the building. Other participants of the shooting had to wait him in the street at the entry of the militia building. 3 hours later another employee of militia went out and informed the other participants of the group, the driver accompanied them together with the interviewed Tlisova should come in the building of the department of inner affairs for giving explanations.

During the interrogation it was found out that the CMI employees had the official accreditation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, as well as the accreditation of the parliament of Kabardino-Balkaria for illumination of the celebratory actions in connection with the 85th anniversary of the republic. However those documents appeared to be not sufficient basis to let journalists get back their passports and continue working. In the cabinet where interrogation took place, representatives of various power structures replaced each other several times. Every time all the journalists’ documents corresponded anew. Among the most often questions were such as: “Have you a special sanction to shooting in Nalchik?”, “With whom particularly did you meet in Nalchik and whom did you interview?”, “With what purpose did you shoot in Kabardino-Balkaria?” and some others. Operative employees were eager to know, what questions had they asked the president of Kabardino-Balkaria Arsen Kanokov during the interview taken place before.

CMI journalist Nicolas Stardy managed to call the head of the Kabardino-Balkarian president press-service Djamilia Hagarova. After her involvement the journalists were assured that everything was all right and they were about to be released, but instead of that the film crew was taken away from the building of the department of inner affairs # 2 in a premise of the passport office in the Kirov’s street. There the journalists were informed that they would receive their papers and could be free only if they demonstrated all the made shooting video information to the employees of the special services (people, demanded to give the video-cassettes introduced themselves that way).

Six hours after the detention the journalists agreed to show the video materials made within two-days’ work in the territory of Kabardino-Balkaria. While watching the cassettes the employees demanded to erase Tlisova’s interview during which were seen separate parts of the building of the Nalchik department of inner affairs # 2. Right after that the members of the film crew received their documents and were released.


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